3 weeks ago

280218_Luxor-Egypt SECAP Final_revised

• Public transport

• Public transport system and RTB service to the airport result in another 5% reduction. Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO 2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut / BAU Transport 2,002,401 530,813 - 800,961 - 212,325 685,000 - 30 % Common charter for transport service improvement - 200,240 - 53,081 Sustainable urban mobility plan - Promoting new engines - 200,240 - 53,081 - Active mobility development - 100,120 - 26,541 - Traffic optimization through urban planning - 200,240 - 53,081 - Public service and RTB - 100,120 - 26,541 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2020 and ROI Common charter for transport service improvement 50,000 € Less than a year - Promoting new engines 300,000 € Not relevant* - Active mobility development 2,000,000 € 2 to 3 years - Traffic optimization through urban planning 2,000,000 € 2 to 3 years - Public service and RTB To be defined * Not relevant: such measure that could take the form of an incentive for people to switch their old car for a new one with less polluting engines will have a direct benefit for car users and an indirect benefit for the City of Luxor (less pollution, less sites degradation, etc.) which is difficult to assess without a far more in-depth analysis. Tourism Sector Current situation The tourism sector in the City of Luxor is one of the foremost sectors that greatly need to be addressed as it holds the third position in energy consumption with 842 GWh/year or 17%. It is also measured third in GHG emissions with 240kteCO 2/year or 15%. Presently, there are 313 hotels in the city, with two types of accommodation: 38 classical on land hotels; 275 floating hotels. With this calculation, there are 16,029 rooms and an average occupancy rate of 14.35% (17.7% for normal hotels and 11% for floating hotels). This occupancy rate is quite low and demonstrates the impact of the past years events on tourists’ frequentation. Note that consumptions for this sector cover tourists’ accommodations and transport and all attractions (energy consumption at antiquities and heritages sites, museums, etc.) There are various ways of tourist transportation such as boats, cars, buses, etc. The number of tourist’s boats in the city of Luxor is 253 boats, of which 112 only are still in operation in 2016. These boats consume 13,000 litres/journey/year. The number of small boats traveling between west and east banks in the city of Luxor is 60

155 boats with an average fuel consumption of 20 litres per day per boat, i.e. 3,100 liters daily. Hence, the total diesel consumption reaches 1,116,000 litres per year. On land, there are 972 vehicles run by diesel (407 large buses and 565 Microbuses), and 865 vehicles run by gasoline (425 Microbuses and 440 cars), all dedicated to tourists’ transportation. In total tourists’ transportation represents an annual consumption of 790,382 MWh/year. Apart from transport the tourism sector in Luxor consumes 51,464 MWh/year (27,191 from hotels, and 24,273 from tourist attraction such as heritage sites). Possible actions There are naturally four areas that would require action to improve the sustainability profile of the tourism sector in Luxor: hotel and resorts; cruise fleet; land transportation; heritage sites. However, any action should start with a significant effort in raising awareness among tourism operators to highlight the potential benefits of green practices for their business (cost cutting from efficiency gains) and the improved attractiveness for visitors that are more and more sensitive to responsible practices in tourism like in many other sectors. Hotels and resorts The Governorate of Luxor needs to engage hotels and resorts in the energy transition, promoting significant efforts to reduce energy consumption, improve waste management and switch, as far as possible, from fossil fuels to renewable energy (solar water heating, solar PV, biogas, etc.). Energy efficiency in hotels and resorts should be promoted through highlighting the positive return on investment of any efforts engaged to reduce energy consumption: adequate air-conditioning management, efficient lighting… Resorts and hotels have been promoting the efficient use of water inviting their customers to minimize their demands in new towels and bed sheets. They now have to promote electricity saving through responsible behaviour from their clients. They also can adopt all technologies that will provide more efficient use of energy. Resort and hotels should also use the large surfaces they have in roofs to install solar systems to produce heat and electricity (Solar PV), which are the two types of energy services they actually need. In most of the cases, solar heating water could be sufficient to produce sanitary water and warm swimming pools. Last but not least a special project could be developed to reduce food wastage and collect food waste from hotels and resorts. Hotels produce an average of 38 tons of solid waste daily (13,870 tons per year). Most of this waste is organic waste. This material combined with other sources of bio-waste available in the Governorate of Luxor could be used to feed in bio-digesters that would produce biogas to be used in buses or car reducing air pollution and GHG emissions. Such a transition is not obvious for tourism operators who have always been working a classical way consuming cheap energy as if it would always be without any adverse consequences. To shift behaviour and speed up the shift, the Governorate should establish a “Green tourism support unit” providing advices to tourism operators willing to invest in energy efficiency and renewable energy. This technical unit will ensure audits to any resort and hotel willing to make necessary investments to contribute to the SECAP adopted in the City of Luxor – Governorate of Luxor. The technical unit could also set up an investment fund that would help resorts and hotels doing the right 61

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