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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Decrees - Baselines of

Decrees - Baselines of the Maritime Areas (1990), - Public Authority for Rivers’ Transportation (1979), - Regulating Private Sector’s Participation in Infrastructure Projects – Services and Public Utilities (2010), - Baselines of the Maritime Areas (1990), and - Public Authority for Rivers’ Transportation (1979). Plans and Programmes Programmes - Green Cities and Sustainable Development (2015), - National Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Portfolio (2009), - Protection of Natural Environmental Resources and Nature Conservation – PNERNC, EEAA, - Environmental Awareness – Training and Capacity Building, - Clean Production Mechanism CPM (2010), - National Environmental, Economic and Development Study – NEEDS (2010), and - Egyptian Pollution Abatement Programme – EPAP, EEAA (2007–2012). Plans - Transport Master Plan 2012-2027 – MINTS, - National Low Carbon Economy Plan – NLCEP, Plan and programmes - Climate Change - Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan – UNDP and MoEnv (2015), - Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures – CCAMM, - Climate Change Action Plan – CCAP, - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, - National Action Plan for Adaptation – NAPA, and - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, MoEnv (2013). Initiatives - Low Emission Capacity Building – UNDP, MoEnv and EEAA (2013 – 2016), - Environment - Air and Water Quality, JICA and MoEnv (2006 – 2016), and - Green Tourism Unit – GTU (2014). Principal partners and stakeholders • Governorate of the Red Sea – City of Hurghada (Municipality) • City Council represented by the Governor Contact person in the local authority Mr. Ayman Sultan, Planning Department, Governorate of Red Sea • General Organisation of Physical Planning (GOPP) • Ministry of Local Development • Ministry of Interior – Traffic Department, Red Sea • Ministry of Environment Governorate and Municipal vision and strategy The Governorate of the Red Sea has developed a strategy to make the City of Hurghada a Green city. The strategy is centred and developed that the city should be a carbon neutral city. This would be through a clean and green Transport and smart and efficient mobility network. The Governorate is also intending to support the plan to green in the transport and upgrade the mobility network to include a public efficient transport system to reduce the use of fossil fuel in the City of Hurghada 112

in particular and in the Governorate in general. In decarbonisation efforts based on clean energy, the City of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea plans to shift from non-clean transport to green transport. Also, the Governorate is planning to the raise awareness of all citizens on the important of using clean transport and public network to reduce GHG emission and improve air quality in the city, as well as to support the transfer to the city to be a world-class sustainable touristic destination. The vulnerability analysis of the City of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea, indicates among 10 receptors including tourists is ranked the second highest risk (level 2) in terms of probability and impact. Therefore, the planned action on greening mobility is complementing the vision and strategy of the Governorate of the Red Sea and supporting its implementation. Keeping in mind its specific values and the local context, the City of Hurghada develops a strategy consistent with Egypt’s Vision 2030, Energy Strategy 2035 and National SDS 2030. This strategy is structured around two folds: - Reduce energy consumption in all sectors through energy conservation and efficiency, in order to provide better services while reducing costs and impacts, and - Promote energy production from locally available renewable resources in order to cover as far as possible energy needs from these decarbonised sources. The Priority Action #1 – Sustainable Urban Mobility Master Plan is in line with the City of Hurghada vision and strategy. Process • Preliminary Mobility Master Plan (MMP) submission and approval, • GOPP consider, review, and approve the SCGUMMP to study the impact on land use and density and taxation, • Expert meeting (Local Municipality Environment, Transport, Traffic Department), • Final Master Olan detailed for Approval • City of Hurghada Council approval and final Governor’s approval. 2. Technical description Link to Governorate development plan Mobility is key point of concern for Governorate of Red Sea. The City of Hurghada urban area urgently needs a strategic and comprehensive approach to improve mobility in the city and change the current system to more sustainable one, cleaner and greener. The city is a line of urbanization along the shore of Red Sea. This represents a strong geographical constraint for mobility services. With the large number of tourists and visitors as well tourist buses and diving boats, it is vital to develop a comprehensive planning of green mobility services and infrastructures to ensure Hurghada will preserve its future development while improving quality of life in a sustainable urban area, yet meeting Egypt’s vision and SDS 2030. This priority action #1 on greening transport and mobility would also support the National Adaptation Actions. It also supports the Governorate strategy attaining the set policies in the National Climate Change Communication Report, mainly the policies targeting development that is more sustainable based on four pillars: • More efficient use of energy, especially by end users. 113

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