Views
10 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

1.3.1.3 Energy demands

1.3.1.3 Energy demands in Egypt per sector and energy Sector Coal Ktons LPG Ktons Gasoline Ktons Jet Fuel Ktons Kerosene Ktons Diesel Ktons Fuel oil Other Gas Mm 3 Electricity MWh Industry 300 22 1.0 3,110 2,299 13,818 37,320 Transports 5,927 628 3,697 286 498 441 Residential 4,135 3.3 1,734 61,962 Agriculture 0.4 771 6,310 Other 5,123 86 1,166 5,503 37,552 Total 300 4,157 5,927 628 4.7 12,701 2,671 1,166 21,553 143,585 One of the key reports used for producing this BEI is the Energy balance report 2013-2014 published by CAPMAS (ref: EGY GEN07). One of its tables describes the final consumption of petroleum products, natural gas and electricity for 2013-2014 per domain of activity (Industry, Transport, Residential, Agriculture and others). It will often be referred to the above table in the following chapters, to ensure data coherence or to complete lack of data using national ratio per capita or more adapted units (Land surface area). 1.3.2. Emission factors of energetic consumption (IPCC, NREA) The emission factors used for fossil fuels are those of the Covenant of Mayors Guidelines (IPCC methodology). The emission factor for electricity is a local factor directly communicated by Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE) and the New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA), and it includes wind and solar energy production. For information, in the city of Hurghada, there is one Wind Farm with a total power capacity of 5.2 MW and an annual production of 4,628 MWh/year. TABLE 1: EMISSION FACTORS USED FOR FOSSIL FUEL AND ELECTRICITY 26 Energy CO2eq/ final energy Source Electricity Natural Gas LPG Heating Oil Diesel Transports excepted Gasoline Transports excepted Diesel for Transports Gasoline for Transports Lignite Coal Other Fossil Fuel Local emission factor calculated taking into 54 8 kgCO2eq/MWh account of the national EF (550 KgCO2eq/MWh) and the Wind Farm production (4,628 MWh/year) 20 kgCO2eq/MWh Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 2 22 kgCO2eq/MWh Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 7 26 kgCO2eq/MWh Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 8 26 8 kgCO2eq/MWh Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 25 kgCO2eq/MWh 0 Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 27 kgCO2eq/MWh 6 Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 25 kgCO2eq/MWh 8 Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 36 5 kgCO2 eq/MWh Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 34 kgCO2eq/MWh 9 Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines 38 kgCO2eq/MWh 2 Covenant of mayors reporting guidelines

1.3.2.1 Residential buildings In the city Hurghada, 60% of buildings are connected to the natural gas grid (Governorate of Red Sea). Thus 54,455 Residential buildings, 72 commercial buildings and 38 hotels consume natural gas, with data regarding natural gas consumption amounting to 8,000,000 Cubic meters (87 GWh/year). The natural gas grid is still under development and designed to reach a connection rate of 80% by the end of 2017. Therefore, consumption of natural gas is estimated using the Hurghada ratio of natural gas consumption per building. Electricity consumption and natural gas consumption are provided by the Governorate of Red Sea (Supply and Internal Trade Directorate). No data about Solar Energy consumption has been collected, this issue was discussed with the Governorate of Red Sea Coordinator and this energy source is marginal in residential buildings. Thus, no solar consumption is considered in the BEI for residential buildings. The Governorate’s services provided the annual consumption per energy source: Value provided Method Final value Electricity 257,782 MWh/y 257 GWh/y Natural gas 8,000,000 m 3 Consistent value 87 GWh/y Liquid gas 494,026 cylinder 96 GWh/y Gasoline 480 litres/y 4 MWh/y Solar energy Not provided Marginal consumption 0 GWh/y *Refrigerant leakages of residential buildings have not been considered in the BEI. 1.3.2.2 Tertiary buildings and Public lighting Tertiary buildings are considered in two different categories: buildings owned and managed by the Governorate and other buildings (shops, offices, public administration buildings - different from Governorate ones, hotels, restaurants, banks and other service industries, health centres and hospitals, sport or cultural facilities, and leisure equipment’s, etc.). Public lighting is considered on its own, as it can be subject of specific action. The energy consumption for public buildings and public lighting has been provided by Governorate services. However, noting that public lighting consumption is high due to all night lighting of tourist amusement, leisure activities and commercial streets. Consumption All Governorate’s buildings in the City of Hurghada Street lighting 2,604 MWh/year 10,984 MWh/year For other tertiary buildings (except Hotels, which are considered to be in the tourism sector), consumption was directly provided for electricity. For LPG, a ratio was applied considering the governorate generic data for energy consumption in “other use”. Value provided Method Final value Electricity 273,510 MWh/y Primary data 273,510 MWh/y Liquid gas 70,680 Cylinders Ratio from “other use” 29,347 MWh/y *Refrigerant leakages of tertiary buildings have not been considered in the BEI 27

Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit”
Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit” - Collaborating ...
Drivers of Energy Demand Growth and Sustainable Response Options
focus
2014-08_Broschuere_Wege-zum-Effizienzhaus-Plus_engl
07.14-Sustainable-Clean-Energy-dbl-pg-10mb1
one million climate jobs 2014
CIB W116—Smart and Sustainable Built Environments - Test Input
Passive Design in Hot Humid Climates - IBD
Buildings and Climate Solutions (Nov. 2008) - Pacific Institute for ...
GineersNow Renewable Green Leaders Magazine Issue 001
Best Policy Practices
EMC ON Nmbr 1_2010_03.indd - MIT Center for Collective ...
Global Climate Action
Leaflet Eusew (carte) - 081103.indd - First
Buildings And Energy R&D - FLC Mid-Atlantic Region
Intel's Energy Efficiency: from Silicon to the Smart Grid (pdf)
Russia's Neglected Energy Reserves - Carnegie Endowment for ...
ZERO ENERGY SPACE Experience the Future of Buildings
Module B1 Study Book - the Graduate School of the Environment
The Sustainable Living House Project - Alice Solar City
Sustainable City Partnerships - ICLEI Local Governments for ...