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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

TABLE 7: GHG EMISSIONS

TABLE 7: GHG EMISSIONS PER SECTOR AND ENERGY SECTOR IN THE CITY OF HURGHADA (2015) Fuels tCO2eq/ year Electricity LPG Natural Gas Gasoline & diesel Other Non-energetic Residential building 141,249 21,895 1 52,072 0 0 Tertiary (inc. municipal) 151,293 6,662 3 0 0 0 Public Lighting 6,019 0 0 0 0 0 Industry 1,231 4 637 1,829 693 0 Transport 0 0 351,745 1 0 0 Water, Waste 2,476 0 1,421 0 0 19,418 Tourism 374,287 0 77,066 39,562 0 0 Agriculture 11 0 14,219 0 0 74,214 Total 676,566 28,561 445,577 93,464 693 93,632 2.3. Zoom on municipal building and services in the city of Hurghada The energy consumption of municipal buildings and services (public lighting, fleet, water and waste management) in the city of Hurghada reached 25.2 GWh FE/year in 2015, about 0,7 per cent of the total consumption of the city. The total GHG emissions from municipal energy consumptions are 31.2 ktCO2eq/year, about 2.3% of all city emissions. Public lighting and Water and Waste management are the main source of GHG emissions of the governorate’s services. It also constitutes a very important energy consumption level and represents huge expenses for the city. The following chart (Figure 7) shows the distribution of consumption and costs among different services. The costs have been estimated using average energy costs as shown in Figure 8. TABLE 8: ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND ANNUAL COST FOR HURGHADA ASSETS Municipal Services GWh/year TeqCO 2 K EGP 10% Municipal buildings 2.6 1,429 1,930 Public lighting 11.0 6,019 8,128 Municipal Fleet 1.8 484 656 Water and Waste management 9.8 3,897 5,302 39% 7% 44% Figure 7: Governorate Assets Services – Hurghada (2015) Municipal buildings’ consumption is included under tertiary buildings, although it is detailed in the dedicated section and in the BEI Excel file. 34

Energy consumption in GWh 12.0 10.0 8.0 6.0 4.0 2.0 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000 Annual cost in kEGP 0.0 Municipal building Public lighting Municipal Fleet Water and Waste management 0 GWh/an EGP Figure 8: Governorate Assets Services Energy Consumption and Costs – Hurghada (2015) 2.4. Business-As-Usual scenario Starting from present data, the BAU reference scenario projects the evolution of energy and emission levels forward to the target year (2030), under the hypothesis of continuing current trends in population, economy, technology and human behaviour, without the implementation of additional emission reduction actions. Thus, a BAU coefficient was calculated for Egypt by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission. For each year this coefficient represents the multiplication factor to reach emission of year 2030. The BAU scenario of the city of Hurghada forecasts an important rise of emission until 2020 (+34%), and then a stabilisation until 2030 (- 4%). Table 9 and Chart 9 present BAU scenarios for 2015-2029. TABLE 9: ENERGY CONSUMPTION PER SECTOR AND PER ENERGY IN THE CITY OF HURGHADA (2015) KteCO2 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 Coeff 1;29 1.22 1.15 1.08 1.02 0.96 0.97 0.97 0.98 0.98 0.99 0.99 0.99 1 1 Residential 215 228 241 257 272 289 286 286 283 283 280 280 280 278 278 Tertiary 158 167 177 188 199 212 210 210 207 207 205 205 205 203 203 Pub. Lighting 6 6 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 Industry 4 5 5 5 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 6 Transport 352 372 395 421 445 473 468 468 464 464 459 459 459 454 454 Water, Waste 23 25 26 28 29 31 31 31 31 31 30 30 30 30 30 Tourism 491 519 551 586 621 660 653 653 646 646 640 640 640 633 633 Agriculture 88 94 99 106 112 119 118 118 116 116 115 115 115 114 114 1339 1416 1502 1599 1693 1799 1780 1780 1762 1762 1745 1745 1745 1727 1727 35

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