2 weeks ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Tertiary buildings 302

Tertiary buildings 302 857 156 528 - 60 571 -31 305 201 921 16% Transport 1 301 117 351 746 -521 160 -140 891 453 753 31% Tourism 1 196 294 490 915 - 439 958 -218 077 633 280 34% Industry 15 520 4 394 Agriculture 55 880 88 444 Renewable energy production 44 000 -13 150 1% All stakeholders 3 312 951 1 307 243 -591 715 -461 315 TOTAL 3 338 154 1 338 490 -598 795 -468 540 1 726 652 -27% * Counted as fossil energy substitution / Not added up to energy consumption ** Industry and Agriculture doesn’t appear in this table as there are no specific actions addressing these sectors The overall budget required for this plan amounts to €69 million at this stage, breaking down as follows. Sector Activity Reduction in GHG Cost GOVERNORATE BUILDINGS Staff awareness campaign 10 % 30,000 Switch to LED lighting and sensor systems 30 % 100,000 Switching to more efficient AC devices 30 % 150,000 STREET LIGHTING Expand LED deployment 40 % 230,000 Street lighting strategic plan 30% 118,000 WATER DELIVERY Switch to variable power pumps 30% 150,000 SCADA system 15 % 30,000 WASTE Energy efficiency 20% 100,000 HURGHADA PUBLIC FLEET Improve fleet management 20% 20,000 AWARENESS PROGRAM Various initiatives 10% 140,000 TRANSPORT Common charter for service improvement 10 % 50,000 Sustainability mobility and transport strategic plan design 170.000 - Promoting new engines 10% 100,000 - Active mobility development 5 % 2,000,000 - Traffic optimization through urban planning 5 % 2,000,000 TOURISM Awareness raising (hotels, diving boats ¢res) 10 % 100,000 Diving fleet refurbishment 50 % 5,000,000 Hotel and resort refurbishment (revolving fund) 9 % 10,000,000 RESIDENTIAL SECTOR Awareness and pilot design 10 % 100,000 Pilot phase (100 housing units) 10 % 1,000,000 Expansion (10,000 units) Revolving fund 20 % 6,600,000 TERTIARY SECTOR Awareness to reduce consumption 15 % 50,000 Pilot projects 12.5% 1,000,000 RENEWABLE ENERGY Solar PV public sector Rolling fund for 7.5 MWc 10,000,000 1.3% Solar PV private sector Rolling fund for 7.5 MWc 30,000,000 TOTAL in € 69,068,000 Of this amount, 60.6 million € are engaged in the form of loan or revolving funds 62

Section IV: Climate Adaptation Plan 1. Summary The current chapter aims to provide Climate Action for internal guidance to the Governorate of the Red Sea regarding the vulnerability to climate change, climate risk assessment and climate adaptation. The proposed structure has been developed based on extensive literature review. This study, which is an integral part of the Sustainable Energy and Climate Action Plan (SECAP), is a strategic document as well as an operational tool. Current trends indicate that Climate Change (CC) is happening due to increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere in the recent years as a result of burning great quantities of fossil fuels and deforestation. In the recent decades, changes in climate have caused impacts on natural and human systems worldwide. Evidence of CC impacts was observable in different sectors that also have consequences for social and human aspects of the built environment. This chapter describes the SECAP - Climate Adaptation Actions (CAA). It comprises three main parts that are dedicated to analysing the existing situation in Egypt and the Governorate and city of Hurghada. The chapter conducts a Risk Analysis and Vulnerability Assessment in order to define the adaptation actions already in place or suggested to be implemented by the Governorate of Red Sea and the City of Hurghada. 2. Current Status Analysis This chapter focuses on an introduction to climate change impacts, particularly in the Mediterranean countries. It also highlights the National and Regional Strategy on Climate Change Adaptation. This is followed by a part dedicated to climate data feeding in estimations of the climate change impacts in the future, as well the evolution of the climate conditions in the area (temperature increase, rainfalls etc.). The last part of this chapter focuses on the adaptation scoreboard, based on the self-assessment from the Governorate of Red Sea against the standard adaptation scoreboard in the SECAP template. 2.1. Introduction to Climate Change Impact The Mediterranean region is rich in a large variety of complex climatic phenomena, linked with its morphology and geographical location. Indeed, the Mediterranean Sea is in a transitional band between subtropical and middle latitude regimes, offering large climate variability at multiple timescales and a strong seasonal variability of precipitation in many areas (Lionello 2012). The Mediterranean region has been identified as one of prominent “Hot-Spots” in future climate change projections (Giorgi 2006). The water cycle and its extremes are one of the major concerns, since there are many countries that are over exploiting water resources, a problem that is expected to deteriorate in the future. Episodes of extreme precipitation are also taking place and disastrous floods are a major threat for the region, especially the coastal areas. In addition to the above, cultivation of marginal land, overgrazing and firewood harvesting put more pressure on the environment, particularly in the Southern Mediterranean Countries, such as (Lionello 2012). According to Luterbacher et al. (2006), the Mediterranean region has experienced drastic changes in its climate over the years. Figure 12 presents the seasonal mean temperature for the period 1961-1990 depicted in panels A-D, while the total precipitation maps for the same period are depicted in panels E-H. 63

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