2 weeks ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

One can notice that

One can notice that these strategic directions don’t cover urban mobility issues (although some elements of it are dedicated to the development of the subway in Cairo). 2.2.5. Tourism targets In terms of Tourism, the Ministry of Tourism (MoTm) set ambitious goals in 2013 to increase the hotel rooms’ capacity to 300,000, so as to accommodate 14 million visitors by 2020. With this target, the number of rooms will increase, and so the needed energy supply for them to operate. It is noticeable that when setting ambitious goals for the development of the sector, no complementary objectives were set to ensure that this development would not harm the environment both locally and globally. This means that the Governorate of Red Sea has room to “invent a new model” where tourism will be a strong economic driver, while at the same time contributing to protect the local environment as well as mitigating climate change. 3. City of Hurghada: strategic vision for sustainable energy 3.1. Objectives CES-MED aims to develop the SECAP in resonance with the already existing strategies, if any, for the participating cities and governorates. Hence, it is essential to define the main dimensions prioritised by each municipality/Governorate for a more appropriate SECAP. 3.2. Strategic vision for sustainable energy The purpose of this section is to clarify the City of Hurghada strategy towards sustainable energy. Since there have been years of turmoil due to the political climate, a development strategy for the Governorate was not been clearly defined until 2015. However, some orientation was recently promoted under the leadership of the Governor of the Red Sea, who proposed a strategy to green the City of Hurghada and make it a world-class responsible tourism destination. The very long-term objective is to promote a carbon neutral city, through significant efforts in reducing energy consumption, promoting a shift from fossil fuels towards renewable energy, and developing an ambitious compensation programme through the increase of green areas by planting more trees along roads, the development of green parks in the urban areas that would provide fresher areas and contribute to improving air quality. The Governorate’s authorities are conscious of the many benefits a “Green Hurghada” would bring in terms of attractiveness to the City for the many tourists willing to enjoy not only wonderful scuba diving sites, but also a pleasant urban area along the coast of Red Sea to relax and rest in a clean environment. Indeed, tourism in the city of Hurghada is one of the foremost sectors that would need to be addressed as it holds the second place in energy consumption with 36% of the total consumption translated to 1,196 GWh/year after transport. The city of Hurghada is visited by almost 4 million persons per year. In 2015, hotel occupancy in Hurghada reached 62 % (compared to 5% at the Governorate level). The city counts 150 hotels and resorts representing 44,400 rooms (2016). Notably, some of these resorts have solar water heaters on their roofs, but most of these systems are not functional. These hotels and resorts consumed 683,082 MWh/year in 2015. In addition, there are 451 boats used for leisure and diving activities. The tourism sector is measured as the first GHG emitter in Hurghada with 37% of the total emissions translated to 491 k teCO2/year. The importance of tourist transportation is very significant, both for transit from airports to hotels and for sea tours and scuba diving tours. Lastly, hotels produce 150 tons of solid waste daily to be added to the 200 to 300 tons of the daily domestic waste (i.e. from residents and local activities set aside tourisms), which is all put into a landfill. The Governorate of the Red Sea plans to develop projects to address these challenges in order to promote a sustainable tourism that significantly reduces tourism’s impact on the local environment and global climate. 14

To mobilize all stakeholders in and around the City of Hurghada, the Governorate of the Red Sea is planning to raise awareness on the climate risks, adaptation challenges and possible actions to speed up the energy transition towards clean and sustainable solutions. A very special effort will be made for tourism infrastructures: not only hotels and resorts, but also the seaports and the diving and sea touring boats, which require a significant upgrading process to reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions. On top of all efforts to promote energy conservation and efficiency, the Governorate plans to expand the natural gas network to supply all hotels in the northern part of the city of Hurghada, supporting fuel substitution by the less emitting natural gas. Beyond this first step, it intends to increase the share of renewable energy sources and upgrade the current solar power plants in the southern region to be fully operated all day to reduce the use of fossil fuel. In 2017, the SECAP could be the roadmap for the Governorate of Red Sea and the City of Hurghada to integrate sustainable energy development (energy efficiency and renewable energy) into their short-term and medium-term strategic objectives with a target of reducing greenhouse gas emission to counterbalance climate change risks and adapting to already visible impacts of this climate change, contributing to establish the City of Hurghada as a sustainable tourism destination. Participation in the CES-MED project enables the Governorate of Red Sea and the City of Hurghada to: - Conceive, develop and refer to SECAP by sector, including energy efficiency in public and private buildings, public lighting, etc., and to specify which investments will be undertaken in order to reach consumption reduction objectives and to calculate financial profitability of such investments; - Have access to a trained and mobilised team in the domain of clean energy and climate adaptation, - Have access to reference documents, developed according to a reference methodology, that facilitate the exchange of experience with other countries in the region and the EU; - Share and acquire experiences as well as actively participate in international discussions, supported by the EU, on renewable energy and GHG emissions reductions at the local level by having access to a platform such as the Covenant of Mayors (CoM); - Replicate successful projects implemented by other municipalities; and - Search for climate change adaptation and sustainable development funding from various sources. In addition, membership in the CoM provides leverage for the transmission of knowledge and good practices. It is also a forum to capitalise on the lessons learnt from the past experiences of other municipalities that have implemented SECAPs. 3.3. Guiding principles for the Governorate’s strategy on sustainable energy The Governorate adopted fundamental principles that aim to integrate sustainable development into all decisionmaking processes related to local development. The Governorate of the Red Sea and the City of Hurghada systematically considers these principles when taking into consideration future actions, programmes or development plans and their energy implications: - Ensure energy consumption reduction and the integration of renewable energy development into all activities and projects taking place in its territory in order to reduce fossil-based energy consumption; - Promote energy cost-benefit analyses (including cost of externalities) in on-going and future projects; - Set an example in terms of responsible energy management, especially by promoting concrete initiatives in energy efficiency and energy conservation, research and innovation towards sustainable practices, efficient and climate friendly infrastructure development, etc.; - Partnerships: encourage citizens, private sector, NGO participation in the development and management of energy resources and renewables in the municipality; and 15

  • Page 1 and 2: This project is funded by the Europ
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  • Page 5 and 6: Table of contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
  • Page 9 and 10: List of tables TABLE 1: EMISSION FA
  • Page 11 and 12: Section III: Actions Planned This s
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  • Page 25 and 26: Section II: Baseline Emission Inven
  • Page 27 and 28: Figure 2: Considered themes in BEI
  • Page 29 and 30: Residential buildings In th
  • Page 31 and 32: Volume Energy equivalent Diesel con
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  • Page 35 and 36: average. Although, this figure stil
  • Page 37 and 38: Energy consumption in GWh 12.0 10.0
  • Page 39 and 40: GHG emissions in tCO 2eq/year in 20
  • Page 41 and 42: Governorate of the Red Sea in 2015
  • Page 43 and 44: and climate transition, • It will
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  • Page 47 and 48: Even if LED lamps cost far more (hi
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  • Page 51 and 52: 4.1.6. Awareness campaign C
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  • Page 61 and 62: Energy in MWh/year Situation in 201
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    populated cities and suburbs). In t

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    Severe floods hit Alexandria, 24th

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    scenario is estimated to be about 1

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    place in many cities such as Alexan

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    • Third National Communication on

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    − Develop a database for all chan

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    a. Maximum & Minimum temperature Fe

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    Temperature 4.2.1. Main climate tre

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    The following figures present the s

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    and August 2017. More specifically:

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    The Governorate of the Red Sea (mun

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    Receptors Extreme weather event - A

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    Infrastructure Receptors Social Ext

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Receptors Extreme weather event Pot

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    Sea level rise* Significantly fewer

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    een created to mitigate and evaluat

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    • Alert /Communication actions: T

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    Controlled flood management zones h

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    Alert / Communication Educational T

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    Technical Utilization of drip irrig

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    tourists’ transports that current

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    in particular and in the Governorat

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    3. Organization and procedures Form

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    - European Commission (EC), - Europ

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    2. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Climate Change Risk Management Pr

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    • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) - r

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    Component 4 It will assess costs of

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    6. Assumptions and risks - The key

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    3. City of Hurghada (Governorate of

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    - Second National Communication on

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    The action plans (stage A) to suppl

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    converting Hotels and resorts by na

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    - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Dev

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    - Egypt’s Sustainable Development

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    - Turn off electric equipment at th

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    - Municipality and Governorate - Go

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    Return on Investment (draft calcula

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    5. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Public Private Partnership - PPP

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    Administrative and coordination pro

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    design and implement an adequate en

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    and ensure the implementation of th

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    - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (A

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    Renewable energy at the city of Hur

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    - Design of Feed-in Tariffs 2012, -

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    * Calculation based on 1,278 € pe

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    - Ministry of Defense (MoD) and Min

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    Draft calculation of the NPV and re

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    7. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Environmental Awareness - Trainin

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    1. More efficient use of energy, es

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    • Successful projects in national

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    8. City of Hurghada - Governorate o

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    - Code for Improving Energy Consump

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    Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce clim

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    permits, approvals and follow up pr

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    - European Bank for Reconstruction

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    o o Table 3 presents the proposed a

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    I. Identification of the target aud

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    sector. It would be recommended to

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    - Roles and responsibilities (Commu

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    Carnival competition (Ministry of I

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    enefits and the feasibility of inve

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    6 months apart from heavy tourist s

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    - With the campaign 2.1.1, link the

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    The dependence of Marinas and yacht

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    Template 3.2 CAPP activities as rel

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    - Smart service for smart people -

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    protection, Promote green tourism i

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    adapt/improve measures according to

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    Omran E. Frihy, Khalid M. DewidarMo

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    The European Union is made up of 28

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