9 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

4.1. Action on

4.1. Action on Governorate buildings and services The first priority of the City Council should be to act on its direct perimeter of responsibility: Governorate buildings and services (street lighting, water distribution & sanitation, waste management) within the City of Hurghada boundaries. It is only while being an exemplary on its own perimeter that the City Council will be able to promote the mobilisation of all stakeholders, inviting them to reduce their energy consumption and contribute to the development of renewable energy capacities. This commitment, to act on its own perimeter, also constitutes a field for investigation to test actions, assess results and impacts, in order to design appropriate recommendations that could be then proposed to citizens, companies, and any organizations that will have to act to promote the local energy transition. The Governorate of Red Sea is providing public services under specific regulations and by-laws enacted and improved over years in order to render the best services for its citizens, yet more efforts in this direction have been noticed between 2016 and 2017 to decentralise its activities in line with the Local Development new law under approval. The energy consumption of the Governorate’s buildings and services (public lighting, fleet, water and waste management) in the city of Hurghada reaches 25.2 GWh Final Energy/year (2015) forming about 0.7% of the total consumption of the city. The GHG emissions reach 31.2 k tCO2eq/year, namely 2.3% of the city’s total emissions. 4.1.1. Municipal buildings Current status The Governorate owns many buildings in different locations of the City of Hurghada for its various offices and venues, representing a total of 60,000 square meters. It also manages 349,000 square meters of education buildings. Details of these municipal buildings are as follows: • 20,000 square meters of offices, including the main Governorate’s buildings, • 40,000 square meters of offices in Hurghada City Council building, • 330,000 square meters of 66 schools, and 19,000 square meters College of Education. The Governorate’s buildings (60,000 square meters) represent a potential 55,000 square meters of roofs to be equipped with solar PV to generate electricity. Nevertheless, the governorate took early steps in this direction by installing PV solar plant with 100 panels on the roof of the Governorate’s main building with a production capacity reaching around 25 kWp. All Governorate’s (Municipal) buildings in the City of Hurghada consume 2,613 MWh/year (2015 reference) forming 10% of the total Governorate services’ consumption and about 25 GWh/year when counting all types of energy. They also emit 1,429 TeqCO2/year (4.5% of the total Governorate services’ emissions). On average, in such conditions, electricity consumption in buildings is coming from lighting (20%), cooling and heating (70%), office equipment (computer, copiers, etc.) and elevators (10%). The electricity bill for the Governorate’s buildings alone represents 64,485 € per year (2015), an equivalent of EGP 1,355,000. Lighting (in buildings): Some efforts were made to switch to efficient bulbs such as LED lamps; however, there is still neither tight control of lighting in buildings, nor efficient management using motion or occupancy sensors. There is a habit to switching lights on, whatever will be the availability of natural light, even if this natural light is sufficient most of the time. Hence, raising awareness among the staff and changing habits should be a priority. Beyond changing behaviour, specific devices (motion and occupancy sensors) can be installed. Electric equipment: So far electric equipment (computers, copiers, printers, etc.) is basic. Raising awareness is also key to promote an efficient use of such equipment. Reduction in energy consumption could also come from switching to more energy efficient devices. It is recommended to shift to green labels state rating equipment currently promoted in Egypt. Cooling and heating: Most of the buildings are equipped with AC split systems. Only few offices are under a centralized 42

temperature control system. There is still an important margin for improvement to ensure proper management of heating and cooling. The temperature inside buildings is often too high in cold season and too low in hot season. According to a study conducted by the MoERE in Egypt for public buildings, if staff was ensuring a more balanced use of cooling and set sensor temperature for cooling on 24°C - 25°C, energy consumption in such buildings could be cut by 30%. Knowing that electricity consumption for cooling and heating represents 70% of the public buildings’ electricity consumption it is strategic to invest on this issue, in two directions: raising awareness of building users and switching to more efficient devices. The Governorate plans to develop its “Green Municipal Buildings’ Plan – GMBP’’ to enhance energy efficiency in municipal buildings and to promote renewable energy (including SWH systems). The GMBP should integrate new sustainability measures and technologies to a green building approach in the city and raise awareness on the need to save energy and improve energy efficiency in the Governorate buildings. Energy savings / short-term actions (3- to 5-year time frame) The Municipality is willing to develop initiatives to reduce energy consumption, but a consistent plan needs to be implemented. More efforts should be done in raising staff awareness on simple change of behaviour to save energy without significant investment: - Open curtains and window shutters during daytime to avoid artificial lighting when outside air temperature is between 22°C and 27°C, - Keep the inside air temperature between 24°C - 25°C even in hot periods to ensure comfort all year long and achieve strong cuts in energy consumption, - Turn off electric equipment at the end of working time or when not actually used, and - Unplug all electricity cables from wall’s sockets as this could save about 5% of the energy use. It would be interesting to promote a challenge between services/ units to invite all staff and workers from the Governorate of Red Sea to make significant efforts in saving energy. The best performing service would be celebrated as “energy saver/ climate saver’’ and would get a special gratification. The Environmental Awareness Unit (EAU) within the Governorate Communication Department will promote these activities. Energy-savings / long-term actions (5- to 15-year time frame) Beyond promoting awareness and behavioural change, it is necessary to develop a clear and comprehensive plan to replace old devices and equipment and install energy efficient systems that will help reduce electricity consumption. Ideally, this programme should be implemented, in a first phase, in a small number of buildings (starting with the more symbolic one: the Governor’s main building or city hall), covering all type of devices and equipment, in order to concentrate many initiatives on the selected buildings and demonstrate the benefit of these structural changes: - Switch from AC/Heating reverse systems to central management of heating and cooling, and - Switch to LED lighting and install motion sensors in offices. This device turns the lights off during un-occupied periods. This can reduce lighting consumption by 20%-80% depending on the occupancy type of these areas. A case study, by MoERE and UNDP (Wati Al-watt initiative) conducted in public buildings, including government buildings in Cairo, demonstrated that a 9.5 million kWh saving per year, equivalent to EGP 5.6 million (€ 265,260) cut could be easily achieved by installing LED lamps with different wattage. This was carried out in 22 projects in the first phase at an approximate investment rate per project of EGP 340,910 (€ 16,148), offering a very attractive return on investment 11 . The initial projects need to be tightly monitored to register impact on energy consumption reduction to prepare progressive enlargement to a larger number of targeted building. The design and construction of new buildings need to follow more stringent rules and new requirements allowing for far better energy performance. 11 Energy efficiency Project – Waty El Watt, UNDP and GEF, available at : 43

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