9 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

4.2.4. Tertiary

4.2.4. Tertiary buildings Current situation Tertiary buildings are considered in two different categories: buildings owned and managed by the Governorate and other buildings (shops, offices, public administration buildings - different from the Governorate ones, educational facilities, hotels, restaurants, banks and other service industries, health centres and hospitals, sport or cultural facilities, leisure equipment’s, religious buildings, etc.). Governorate buildings and street lighting have already been addressed in previous sections dedicated to the direct scope of responsibility of the Governorate. We are here looking “nongovernorate” tertiary buildings. The tertiary buildings’ sector is the fourth sector in terms of energy consumption with 303 GWh/year (8%) and 157 k tCO2eq/ year GHG emissions (an equivalent to 11%) in 2015. Possible actions Addressing the tertiary sector is always complex. The action plan should make a distinction between tertiary buildings owned by entrepreneurs who can see a direct benefit in energy savings, as this will increase their profitability, and tertiary buildings owned or managed by groups that don’t have a direct interest in cutting costs. Entrepreneurs will be sensitive to an awareness campaign highlighting the financial benefit of any effort to improve building efficiency. Instead, other groups will be more interested in the symbolic value of contributing to the energy transition in the City of Hurghada. It is necessary as a first step to properly assess the need through a detailed mapping of tertiary buildings, registering average energy consumption per square meter, date of construction, location. This will help targeting buildings offering the best potential for saving. It is important to note the importance of tourism infrastructures in the city of Hurghada and the efforts dedicated towards greening the tourism sector will seemingly pave the ground for a dynamic change in the tertiary sector. Hence the action plan could be structured with two components: Private entrepreneurs and services - Unroll a vast awareness raising campaign among entrepreneurs to invite them to invest in energy efficiency in their building (air conditioning system, efficient lighting, etc.). The awareness could be built on the same model developed for the residential buildings, - Offer them technical support (using the Green tourism plan mentioned earlier) to speed up change in their tertiary building, and - Reward the more effective efforts offering official support and media coverage. Non-commercial services’ providers - The Governorate should develop partnerships with some of these “services’ providers” to develop showcases of efficient buildings also using renewable energy, and - Promote energy efficiency in hospitals and health centres, offering the possibility for these institutions to use savings for re-investing in improving their capacity to deliver services. Expected results Assumptions: - Awareness raising and specific training of premises’ managers results in 30% cut in 50% of the buildings. - Specific actions on commercial buildings can lead to 50% reduction in 50% of these buildings, which are considered to represent 20% of the overall sector. 58

Energy in MWh/year Situation in 2015 Cut expected in 2030 Situation in 2030 GHG in tCO2eq/year Energy GHG Energy GHG GHG (BAU) Cut/ BAU Tertiary buildings 302,857 156,528 - 60,571 - 31,305 201,921 16 % Awareness to reduce consumption - 45,428 - 23,479 Pilot projects - 15,143 - 7,826 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2030 and ROI. Awareness to reduce consumption 50,000 € Less than 1 year Pilot projects 1,000,000 € 2 to 3 years 4.3. Renewable energy development Despite the availability of sun, wind, and water in the Governorate of Red Sea, like in many other parts of Egypt, renewable energy is only strongly emerging in the past 3 years. People are used to relying on electricity produced in utilities powered by fossil fuels and classical solution for mobility based on diesel or gasoline. The global uptake of renewable energy should push the Governorate to explore all opportunities available to develop new production models. Following this route, the Governorate of Red Sea will reduce its dependency on “imported energy” and spark a new economy that will create jobs and generate revenues for local industries and people. 4.3.1. Solar PV The Egyptian government is willing to support renewable energy development and for this reason adopted a feed-intariff policy. If this policy seems to be adapted to large-scale investments, it doesn't represent a real boost for households’ units. Indeed, the gap between FiT (Feed-in-tariff) offered for such small units and the price of electricity for individuals is not significant to speed up investment. Feed-in-Tariffs for solar power FiT (1) FiT (1) EUR cents FiT (2) FiT(2) EUR cents Households (piasters kWh) EGP 84.80 4.0 102.90 4.9 Commercial up to 500 kW (piasters kWh) EGP 90.10-97.30 4.3-4.7 108.50 5.2 500 kW – 20 MW (US cents / kWh) 13.60 11.5 7.90 6.7 20 MW – 50 MW (US cents / kWk) 14.30 12.1 8.40 7.1 Source: Egyptian Electricity Holding Company - EEHC, MoERE Exchange rate of NBE for 1 Euro = 20.8608 EGP Large-scale investments facilitated by foreign companies are not facing the same type of problem. The Governorate of the Red Sea should develop a partnership with companies willing to develop solar PVs, targeting different objectives: - Develop solar PV units on all Governorate buildings: Potential of Solar PV equipment has been explored for various public buildings and a first experiment seems to be very promising, - Develop specific projects for other symbolic buildings: schools, mosques, churches, hospitals and health centres, to be used as demonstrators in order to promote the technology, 59

Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit”
Energy efficiency - “Pick the low-hanging fruit” - Collaborating ...
Drivers of Energy Demand Growth and Sustainable Response Options
one million climate jobs 2014
CIB W116—Smart and Sustainable Built Environments - Test Input
Passive Design in Hot Humid Climates - IBD
Buildings and Climate Solutions (Nov. 2008) - Pacific Institute for ...
GineersNow Renewable Green Leaders Magazine Issue 001
Best Policy Practices
EMC ON Nmbr 1_2010_03.indd - MIT Center for Collective ...
Global Climate Action
Leaflet Eusew (carte) - 081103.indd - First
Buildings And Energy R&D - FLC Mid-Atlantic Region
Intel's Energy Efficiency: from Silicon to the Smart Grid (pdf)
ZERO ENERGY SPACE Experience the Future of Buildings
Russia's Neglected Energy Reserves - Carnegie Endowment for ...
Module B1 Study Book - the Graduate School of the Environment
The Sustainable Living House Project - Alice Solar City
Climate Change - Yale Center for the Study of Globalization