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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

• Inventories must be

• Inventories must be addible: For example, if all localities of the governorate make their inventory, the sum of inventories equals the governorate inventory; and • A recent reference year: 2015, to describe a territory evolving rapidly. 1.2.1. Calculation method The BEI is a calculation, not a measure. In order to get a complete consumption and emissions inventory, we used several statistical data from reliable sources (electricity distribution, building surface, energy bills for public buildings, etc.), on which calculation hypothesis were applied when necessary (energy costs, unitary consumption of buildings, etc.), to obtain energy consumptions (all sectors) and non-energetic emissions (waste, water, agriculture). Figure 1: Calculation principle of the inventory This simplified calculation approach is likely to be tainted by various uncertainties: • Structural and activity data: low uncertainty • Hypothesis: medium to high uncertainty • Emission factors: low to medium uncertainty 1.2.2. Considered scope Developing this BEI, we judged necessary to include the following sectors, but could not find a sufficient hypothesis or structural data on stroke out sub topics. 24

Figure 2: Considered themes in BEI (%tCO2eq/year) – City of Hurghada, Governorate of Red Sea 2015 Compared to the Covenant of Mayors (CoM) recommendations for SECAPs: • Non-energetic and energetic GHG emissions for waste management, energetic GHG emissions for water and wastewater management (pumping, treatment, etc.) were taken into account as the two cities (Hurghada and Luxor) can plan actions on both of these topics; and • Non-energetic emissions of industrial activities (refrigerant leakage of buildings and vehicles) were not taken into account, as information on these topics wasn’t sufficient. Note that these topics are not mandatory according to the CoM. Additionally, it is important to understand what the tertiary buildings are. These are namely all buildings that are neither residential, nor for industrial or agricultural use. For example, stores, offices, banks, hospitals, logistical warehouses, sports and leisure facilities, and other private services buildings. 1.3. Detailed methodology on each sector An Excel spreadsheet file was created to gather all data collected from the Governorate of Red Sea, specifically for the City of Hurghada (administrative borders) stating each source, year of reference and calculations made. This file allows data crunching to calculate GHG emissions from information related to energy consumption. 1.3.1. Common data sets 1.3.1.1 Population statistics Population statistics are coming from Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS). 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 Egypt 80 442 443 82 040 994 83 787 634 85 660 902 87 613 909 89 579 670 91 508 084 Gov. of Red Sea 324 714 344 384 365 342 388 852 413 192 443 728 472 203 City of Hurghada 180 997 203 978 216 747 230 315 247 336 263 209 279 684 In 2015, the population of the City of Hurghada was 279,684 inhabitants, which is about 0.3% of Egypt’s total population. 1.3.1.2 Employment statistics The employment figures are typical of Hurghada activities. Tourism is the main sector, with more than 33,000 jobs. So, to take into consideration this specificity, a specific part was created in the BEI. Number of Employed Persons (Private, NGO, Gov.) Manufacturing Agro-food Tourism Total Egypt (2012) 3,285,249 (2) 7,991,148 (2) 1,410,000 (2) 29,596,846 (1) Egypt (2009) 3,104,720 (2) 7,252,829 (2) 1,620,000 (2) 25,448,525 (1) City of Hurghada* 313 (3) 225 (3) 33,238 (3) 129,058 (3) * The data for the City of Hurghada represent the year 2015 (1) CAPMAS (2) Egypt country report for the 2014 ministerial conference on youth employment (3) Hurghada Labour Force directorate 25

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