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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Specific Strategy and

Specific Strategy and Policy Strategy - National Tourism Strategy 2020 (2013), - Transport Strategy and Action Plan, - Sustainability - Tourism, Energy Use and Conservation (2014), - National Strategy for Integrated Coastal Management – NSICM, MoEnv, - Tourism, Energy Use and Conservation – TEUC (2014), - National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction – NSACCDRR (2011), and - EU-Egypt Action Plan for Egypt’s National Development Plan (2002 – 2007). Policies - National Sustainable Transport Policy, - Transport Policy and Planning, and - National Air Quality Policy – NAQP, UNEP (2015). Climate Change Policies - Environmental Air Quality Policy – UNDP (2015), - Third National Communication on Climate Change – EEAA and UNDP (2014), - Second National Communication on Climate Change – EEAA and UNDP (2010), and - Initial National Communication on Climate Change – MoEnv and EEAA (1999). Legislations, Laws and Decrees Laws - New Investment Laws (2017), - Climate Change Legislations (2015), - Clean Development Mechanism – CDM (2010), - Integrated Coastal Zone Management – ICZM (1994), - Environmental Protection (1994, 2015), and - Public Partnership with Private sectors – PPP (2010). Decrees - Baselines of the Maritime Areas (1990). Plans and Programmes - Transport Master Plan 2012-2027 – MINTS, - Green Industrial Development (2015), - National Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Portfolio (2009), - National Low Carbon Economy Plan – NLCEP, - Protection of Natural Environmental Resources and Nature Conservation – PNERNC, EEAA, - Environmental Awareness – Training and Capacity Building, - Clean Production Mechanism CPM (2010), - National Environmental, Economic and Development Study – NEEDS (2010), and - Egyptian Pollution Abatement Programme – EPAP, EEAA (2007– 2012). Plan and programmes - Climate Change - Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation Plan – UNDP and MoEnv (2015), - Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation Measures – CCAMM, - Climate Change Action Plan – CCAP, 120

- Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, - National Action Plan for Adaptation – NAPA, and - Climate Change Risk Management Programme – CCRMP, MoEnv (2013). Initiatives - Low Emission Capacity Building – UNDP, MoEnv and EEAA (2013 – 2016), - Environment - Air and Water Quality, JICA and MoEnv (2006 – 2016), - Green Tourism Unit – GTU (2014), - Red Sea Sustainable Tourism Initiative – RESTI, - Green Star Hotel – MoTrm, - Eco-label Initiative (voluntary) hotels’ Green Stars Award – MoTrm, - Private Sector Tourism Infrastructure and Environmental Management – WB (2003), and - Hurghada Environmental Protection and Conservation Association – HEPCA, GoRS (1992). Governorate and Municipal vision and strategy The Governorate of the Red Sea has developed a strategy to make the City of Hurghada a Green city with the ultimate goal of achieving the transition towards a carbon neutral city. As the vulnerability analysis of the City of Hurghada indicates among 10 sectors that tourists - Tourism is ranked the second highest risk (level 2) in terms of probability and impact of dangerous climate chance. Therefore, action #2 is essential to promote a model of green tourism, particularly focusing on diving activities and marine life discovery. Principal partners and stakeholders • Governorate of the Red Sea – City of Hurghada (Municipality) • City Council represented by the Governor of the Red Sea Contact person in the local authority Mr. Ayman Sultan, Planning Department, Governorate of the Red Sea • Hotels owners and Management in City of Hurghada • Ministry of Petroleum (MoPMRs) - Egypt Gas Holding Company (EGAS) - City GAS Company – Governorate of Red Sea • Ministry of Transport - Maritime Inspection Authority (MIA) • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) • Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) • Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation (MoIIC) 2. Process Technical Process LPG (Liquid Petroleum Gas) is a generic name for a mixture of hydrocarbons - mainly propane and butane retrieved from an oil refinery. When this mixture is lightly compressed and cooled it changes from a gaseous state to a liquid. This is an advantage for the utilisation of LPG because the liquid fuel, having an acceptably similar volumetric energy density to diesel can be comfortably stored at ambient temperature in conventional pressure vessels. Natural gas, mainly composed of methane, can be stored as liquid (LNG) or in compressed form (CNG), although such 121

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