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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

the natural gas network

the natural gas network usage to hotels and resorts located in the northern part of the City of Hurghada to complete phase 1 of the connection in the south of the city. Also, to supply these hotels and resorts with clean energy sources instead of diesel through solar thermal system. In addition, the Governorate is planning to the raise awareness of all hotel owners, management, including staff and labourers on the impact of climate change risks and adaptation actions, as well as to support the transfer to the city to be a world-class sustainable touristic destination. The vulnerability analysis of the City of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea, which was carried out by combining the results the probability and impact (scale 1-3) of the 10 receptors including Tourists. The risk assessment, based on climate data availability in Hurghada, indicated that Tourism is ranked the second highest risk (level 2) in terms of probability and impact. Therefore, this planned action #3 is in line with the vision and strategy of the Governorate of Red Sea and support its implementation. Principal partners and stakeholders • Governorate of the Red Sea – City of Hurghada (Municipality) • City Council represented by the Governor of the Red Sea Contact person in the local authority Mr. Ayman Sultan, Planning Department, Governorate of the Red Sea • Hotels owners and Management in City of Hurghada • Ministry of Petroleum (MoPMRs) - Egypt Gas Holding Company (EGAS) - City GAS Company – Governorate of Red Sea • Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE) - New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) - Green Tourism Unit (GTU) • Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) – EEAA - Green Building Unit (GBU) • Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation (MoIIC) 2. Process Technical Process Natural gas is an interesting option for reducing fuel cost and lower greenhouse gas emissions (CO2) due to lower carbon to hydrogen ratio than diesel fuel. However, it must be used in combination with renewable solutions, particularly solar heating, as this combination will more significantly reduce GHG emission. The planned action will develop as follows: - Understand the specificity of hotels and resorts energy profile. - Explore technical options available for improving energy efficiency (envelop, lighting and AC - VRV) and develop renewable energy in order to decide on the best and fastest solutions, - Assess the amount of natural gas needed to fuel hotels in combination with SWH systems, - Establish a plan for of stakeholders’ involvement and Natural Gas Companies, and - Unroll the plan to connect hotels to the natural gas grid and install SWH system on hotels and resorts. 132

Administrative and coordination process • Governorate of the Red Sea – City of Hurghada (Municipality) and Governor’s to approve the plan and its targets, • City Council represented by the Governor approval, • Hotel owners and management in Hurghada – approvals, • Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources (MoPMRs) – study and approve the quantity of the natural gas needed for these Hotel connection, including: - Egypt Gas Holding Company (EGAS) – study and approvals, - City GAS Company – Governorate of Red Sea (approval for NG supply), • Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE) – NREA to approve the plan of SWH systems, • Ministry of Tourism (MoTrm) – Award GB license as part of the hotel license renewal, • Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) – Assess the environmental impact and benefits, and • Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation (MoIIC) – international investment approvals. Government and Administrative Procedures and Approvals • Initial approval of the Governerate (Municipality), • Environmental permit: according to Egyptian Law for the Environment, Law 4/1994 amended by Law 9/2009, • EEAA approval and process: a Preliminary Strategic Environmental and Social Impacts (SESIs), • Safety and Operation permit by EGAs and City GAS – MoPMRs, and • MoPMRs approve the supply natural gas. 3. Technical description Link to Governorate and municipal development plan The SECAP is built on three drivers: a) reduce energy consumption; b) develop energy production; and c) climate adaptation actions. Hence, the reduction of GHG emissions from tourism and leisure activities is vital for the Governorate of Red Sea strategy on climate change mitigation and adaptation. As more than 4 million tourists visit Hurghada every year a strategic and comprehensive approach to improve the sustainability and change the current hotels and resorts is urgently needed. The Governorate will particularly contribute to Egypt’s SDS key performance indicators (KPIs) that are relevant to SECAP, mainly in Energy, Urban development, Environment, and Domestic energy policy: • Secure energy resources, • Increase reliance on local resources, • Reduce the intensity of energy consumption, and • Raise the actual economic contribution of energy sector in the national income 62 . This planned action ≠3 on greening the city hotels and resorts would also support the National Adaptation Action, especially in the tourism sector: Costal Zones sector: 1. Reduce climate change (CC) associated risks and disasters. 62 Nihal El-Megharbel, Presentation on Egypt's vision 2030 and planning reforms, First Assistant to the Minister of Planning, Monitoring and Administrative Reform, October 2015. 133

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