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020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

- Promoting new engines

- Promoting new engines - 130,290 -35,223 - Active mobility development - 65,145 - 17,611 - Traffic optimization through urban planning - 130,290 -35,223 - Public service and RTB - 65,145 - 17,611 4.2.1.3 Budget These figures are rough estimates of budget required per action for the period 2018-2030 and ROI. 52 Common charter for transport service improvement 50,000 € Less than a year Sustainable urban mobility plan design: 170,000 € - Technical expertise for information collection (maps, data, etc.) prior to designing plan design 40.000 € - Facilitation of a series of 3 workshops to explore scenarios 45.000 € - Synthesis of option and cost benefit analysis 60.000 € - Wrap up the plan in a comprehensive document 5.000 € - Search for potential funders for the implementation of the plan 20.000 € - Promoting new engines 100.000 € Not relevant - Active mobility development 2,000,000 € 2 to 3 years - Traffic optimization through urban planning 2,000,000 € 2 to 3 years - Public service and RTB To be defined * Not relevant: such measure that could take the form of an incentive for people to switch their old car for a new one with less polluting engines which will have a direct benefit for car users and an indirect benefit for the City of Hurghada (less pollution, less sites degradation, etc…) then the return on investment is difficult to assess without an in-depth analysis. 4.2.2. Tourism Sector The tourism sector in the City of Hurghada – Governorate of the Red Sea, is one of the foremost sectors that urgently need to be addressed as it holds the highest rank in energy consumption with 43% of the total consumption, translated to 1,196 GWh/year. Also, it is measured first in GHG emissions with 44% of the total emissions, translated to 490 kteCO2/year (33%). Presently, there are 150 hotels in the city, 60% having solar water heaters on their roofs, but mostly in low capacity and functioning. Based on a rough calculation, there are 44,400 rooms and an average occupancy rate of 62% and 3,953,665 tourists every year. In addition, there are 162 tourist companies, and 28 safari offices operating desert tours, as well as 96 aqua centres. Moreover, there are 101 touristic restaurants. There are also various activities that require transportation such as yachts, cars, buses, etc. There are 189 diving centres operating 452 boats for diving, 2,226 yachts and 590 hotels’ buses (532 Diesel + 58 Gasoline). Also, there are 2,104 other vehicles run by diesel (1,785 large buses, 267 microbuses and 52 cars), and 697 cars run by gasoline. The average distance travelled by tourists’ in the City is 38 Km/day. Hotels in the City of Hurghada consume 653,939 MWh/year of electricity, 18,000,000 m 3 /year of Natural gas and 4,986,505,000 m 3 /year of water, while 2,238,145,000 m 3 /year of sewage water is produced. In addition to this, hotels consume 36,500 tons of diesel and gasoline each year for water heating. As for waste, hotels produce an average of 150 tons of solid waste daily, which is around 54,750 tons yearly. Waste transportation is also an issue, 262,667 litres of diesel and 14,143 litres of gasoline are consumed each year in transporting waste from the hotels to the landfill. 4.2.2.1 Possible actions The City of Hurghada has the desire to move forward to holistically solve environmental challenges by promoting

sustainable and green tourism through developing a comprehensive tourism strategic and efficient solution – “Sustainable and Green Tourism Plan – SGTP.’’ The SGTP should integrate sustainability measures and technologies to a green tourism approach in the city including: hotels and tourist boats as well as sea marina at diving centres and their activities. Short-term (2 to 3 years) On the short term, a dynamic awareness campaign targeting hotels, resorts, diving centres, tourist operators and safaris should help promoting responsible behaviours: energy and water careful consumption, waste management etc.; all these activities will set the ground for a more structural transformation of the tourist sector on the mid and long term. Long- term (impact to be seen after 3 to 5 years) Much work needs to be done on awareness and behaviour related to leisure activities. However, behavioural change would be only possible when real alternatives are offered to allow people to actually change their current practices in the Red Sea water activities. Ideally, a city committed to reduce energy consumption and GHG emissions such as Hurghada would develop, design and implement a Sustainable and Green Tourism Plan (SGTP) based on smart eco-solutions that could entail the following: - Structuring the tourism sector at the Governorate by empowering leisure and tourism authorities within the Governorate and the city of Hurghada to take action for the improvement of tourism and leisure activities in the city. In the case of Hurghada, this would mean close collaboration between the Municipal council and the Egyptian Tourism Authority (ETA) and the evolution of some of the current rules, which appear to be counterproductive to reduce energy consumption; - Developing communication and participatory strategies involving the tourism sector, with the aim of facilitating behavioural changes; - Convert touristic boats to operate with natural gas (CNG) instead of fuel and when appropriate and feasible to run on electric engines powered by PV cells. Additionally, all services on board should be covered by renewable energy sources; - Integrate renewable energy in seaports, marinas and diving centres along the shore of the city of Hurghada; and - Promote a charter for responsible tourism that will also engage the tourists themselves to take care of the fragile environment they enjoy when visiting the City of Hurghada. Such comprehensive plan (SGTP) would require a strong leadership from the Governorate and the Municipal Council, which is obviously noticed in the Governor’s vision and the Governorate. Hotels and resorts The City of Hurghada is willing to engage hotels and resorts in the energy transition, promoting significant efforts to reduce energy consumption, improve waste management and switch, as far as possible, from fossil fuels to renewable energy (solar water heating, solar PV, biogas, etc.). Energy efficiency in hotels and resorts should be promoted through highlighting the positive return on investment of any efforts engaged to reduce energy consumption: adequate air-conditioning management, efficient lighting. Resorts and hotels have been promoting the efficient use of water inviting their customers to minimize their demands in new towels and bed sheets. They now have to promote electricity saving through responsible behaviour from their clients apart from Card Control room. They also can adopt all technologies that will provide more efficient use of energy. Resorts and hotels should also use the large surfaces they have in roofs to install solar systems to produce heat and electricity (Solar thermal and PVs), which are the two types of energy services they actually need. In most cases, solar water heaters could be sufficient to produce sanitary water and warm swimming pools. Last but not least, a special project could be developed to reduce food wastage and collect food waste from hotels and resorts. These facilities produce an average of 150 tons of solid waste daily (close to 55,000 tons per year). Most of this waste is organic waste. So, this material combined with other sources of bio-waste, available in the City of Hurghada, 53

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