8 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

5. Summary of related

5. Summary of related Awareness Raising actions A communication plan needs to be developed to highlight the benefits of a new strategic and comprehensive climate action to lower sustainable energy and mitigate UHIE in the city by increasing the UGC areas as well greening the city south main road to Hurghada international airport. Such communication efforts will help portraying the City of Hurghada as a clean and green city. This would include the increasing of green areas, plantation seedlings and trees in the designated south road to Hurghada international airport. Also, an adequate awareness raising actions will be necessary to help the Governorate promoting the value of the City of Hurghada Urban Green Plan through increasing the UGC. Awareness should also focus on the fact that Green City development would mean better health, quality of life and better liveability. Such awareness campaign should highlight that increasing the UGC areas will improve air quality, enhance quality of life and reduce cooling loads in summer due to lowering the UHIE, hence will lower GHG emissions due to the fact that the air in the city is less polluted. 6. Assumptions and risks - The key challenge will be the absence of operation and monitoring plan to ensure the UGC is maintained on the long term, especially in desert climate environment. - Organize a proper maintenance system in order to ensure adequate flow of irrigation water, yields securing interesting enough Return on Investment (R.o.I.). 7. Key success factors • The development of City UGP and increasing the UGC areas is an essential part of the Governorate of Red Sea vision and strategy and will get the adequate political support, • The cost of new planting trees and planting seedlings are relatively low will be a significant value as an incentive. • The action plan is divided in two stages to make the benefit of investments more visible, • The Governor’s vision and backing of making the city green and carbon to assist in mitigating UHIE and GHG emission is of a vital success factor, and • Governorate is also already started a plan in increasing the UGC in some city squares in the City of Hurghada. 8. Cost estimates Urban Green coverage of the City of Hurghada - technical support plans: - Scoping study on green landscaping study 50.000 € - Orthophotos flyover to assess hot spots in the city 50.000 € - Pilot plant the South main road to int’l airport 15.000 € - Soft landscaping of South Road to Hurghada international Airport 740,000 € Training for Municipality staff Revolving fund 765.000 € 20.000 € - 9. Available and foreseen sources of funding to be developed Local authority's own resources: International Financial Institutions 69 : - The World Bank (WB), - United Nations Development Program (UNDP), - European Commission (EC), - European Investment Banks (EIB), National Funds and Programs EU Funds, IFCs tools, financial programmes, and external funds. 69 The Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation, MoIIC – Available at: (Accessed on: 14.08.2017) 186

- European Bank for Reconstruction Development a (EBRD), - French Development Agency (AFD), - United States Agency for International Development (USAID), - Kreditanstalt fur Wiederaufbau (kfW), - German Technical Cooperation (GIZ), - Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), - OPEC Fund for International Development (OFID), - Islamic Development Bank (IDB), - African Development Bank (ADB), - Arab Fund for Social & Economic Development (AFSED), - Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD), - Arab Fund for Economic & Social Development (AFESD), - International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), - Khalifa Fund For Enterprise Development (KFED), - Kuwait Fund for Arab Economic Development (KFAED), - Middle East and North Africa Transition Fund (MENATF), and - Saudi Fund for Development (SFD). Public-Private-Partnerships (available or to raise) Loans and potential borrower Lined up private investments Expected annual cost savings to City budget 10. Projected Energy Estimates in 2030 This project will not generate any energy reduction and the impact on CO2 balance will be very marginal. Carbon storage from tree planting along the south road could only be accounted as carbon storage after 7 years according to GHG Protocol, which is the worldwide reference on the subject. In the very arid environment of Hurghada, trees will grow very slowly and will only gain a pretty small size and height over time representing a very small amount of carbon stored. Having no guarantee regarding the proper maintenance of the green areas created by the project, it would be irresponsible to propose any figure regarding CO2 storage over time as a result of the development of green areas in and around the city. Again the benefit of the project is not measurable, neither in energy consumption nor in GHG emission. This impact will be real on comfort in public spaces and their users, air quality improvement and positive appreciation from tourists visiting the city, all of these having an economic value on the long term. 187

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