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5 months ago

020318_Hurghada SECAP_FINAL

Governorate and

Governorate and Municipal vision and strategy The Governorate of the Red Sea has developed a vision to make the City of Hurghada a Green city. The strategy is centred on the fact that the city should be a carbon neutral. The greening of Governorate’s buildings, based on promoting energy efficiency and incorporating solar PV and SWH systems, will help reducing the use of fossil fuel in the city of Hurghada. The Governorate is also intending to support the plan by informing and raising awareness of staff and users about these measures and actions to support its execution. Therefore, this planned action #4 is in line with the vision and strategy of the Governorate of Red Sea and support its implementation. Principal partners and stakeholders • Governorate of the Red Sea – City of Hurghada (Municipality) • City Council represented by the Governor of Red Sea • Ministry of Electricity and Renewable Energy (MoERE) • New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) • Ministry of Housing, Utilities and Urban Development (MoHUUD) • Egyptian Green Building Council (Egypt-GBC) • Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) – EEAA • Ministry of Investment and International Cooperation (MoIIC) Contact person in the local authority Mr. Ayman Sultan, Planning Department, Governorate of Red Sea 2. Technical description Link to Governorate development plan The SECAP is built on three drivers: a) reduce energy consumption; b) develop energy production; and c) climate adaptation actions. Hence, reducing greenhouse gas emissions from Governorate services and public buildings, is essential to achieve its objective of making the city of Hurghada carbon neutral and improve quality of life in the urban area. This comprehensive plan will also enhance the Governorate’s sustainable energy prospectus, yet contributing to achieve Egypt’s Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) 2030 and contribute to Egypt’s SDS key performance indicators (KPIs) that are relevant to SECAP, mainly in Energy, Urban development, Environment, and Domestic energy policy, e.g., energy: - Secure energy resources, - Increase reliance on local resources, - Reduce the intensity of energy consumption, and - Raise the actual economic contribution of the energy sector in the national income. Implementation plan Component 1: Develop the “Green Municipal Buildings Plan” (GMBP) awareness component mobilising managers and staff. This plan should focus on the following measures: - Promote change in day to day practices of pubic building users: - Open curtains and window shutters during daytime to avoid artificial lighting when outside air temperature is between 20 ͦC and 25 ͦC, - Keep the inside air temperature between 24°C - 25°C in summer to ensure good comfort all year long and make a strong cut in energy consumption (30 per cent of AC power consumption), - Avoid elevator and choosing staircase when going up or down one or two floors, only allow employee with heart problems to use elevators, 142

- Turn off electric equipment at the end of working time or when not actually in use, and - Unplug all electricity cables from wall’s sockets as this could save about 5 per cent of the energy use, - It would be interesting to promote a challenge between services/units to invite all workers from the Governorate to make efforts to save energy and cut GHG emissions. The best performing service would be celebrated as “energy saver/ climate saver’’ and would get a special gratification. - The Environmental Awareness Unit (EAU) to be set up within the Governorate to promote these activities in coordination with the Governorate related staff. Component 2: Beyond promoting awareness and behavioural change, it is necessary to develop a clear and comprehensive plan to replace old devices and equipment and install energy efficient systems that will help reducing electricity consumption. Ideally, this programme should be implemented, in a first phase, in a small number of buildings (starting with the more symbolic one: the main Governor’s building or city hall), but covering all type of devices and equipment, in order to concentrate many initiatives on the selected buildings and demonstrate the benefit of these structural changes: - Switch from AC/ Heating reverse systems to central management of heating and cooling. - Switch to LED lighting installation and incorporate motion sensors in offices of Governorate buildings. This device turns the lights off during un-occupied periods. This can reduce lighting consumption by 20% to 80% depending on the occupancy type of these spaces. These technical solutions need to be tightly monitored to register impacts on energy consumption reduction to prepare progressive enlargement to a larger number of targeted building. Assumptions: - 1 LED Lamp costs 75 EGP (3.60 €) and reduces lighting consumption by 70% - A Solar PV unit of 1KW costs 1,300 €) and produces 1898 kWh/y. - According to Egyptian Electricity Transmission Company (EETC), the Feed in Tariffs for 2017 are as follows: • 108.58 piasters (0.053 €) per 1kWh for commercial activities less than 500 kWh, • 7.88 piasters (0.004 €) per 1 kWh from Solar PV power plant 500 kW to less than 20 MW. Switch to LED lamps and sensor systems: Assuming a replacement of 20,000 LED lamps in Governorate buildings including schools (70 buildings), i.e., on average 275 LED lamp per building, we would need 72,000 € for replacing conventional lamps by LED. This switch will result in saving of 364 MWh/y and 199 tCO2eq/y. Switching to more efficient AC devices: Switch from AC/Heating reverse systems to central management of cooling/heating in these buildings is estimated at 150,000 €. This will result in saving 546 MWh/y and 299 tCO2eq/y. Solar Water Heating (SWH) systems: Basic assumption: a 300 litres production unit with three collectors offering 6.75 square meters’ produces 5 MWh/y. With a basic cost of € 582 while substituting to electricity the payback period will be 40 months (3 years + 3 months). A rough calculation for one Governorate building with 100 staff and 25 visitors a day on average would need 2,500 litres per day of hot water (20 litres per person). Such needs can be covered by 8 SWH units (300 litres and three panels - 2.50m x 0.9m each) requiring a total surface of 55 square meters at a cost of 8 x € 582 = € 4,656. This equipment will produce 50,600 kWh/y to be substituted to electricity consumption saving 28 tCO2eq/y. Considering additional equipment and connection to the water grid the overall cost for such a building would be 5K€. Applying this model to 10 Governorate buildings, the required investment would be 50,000 € allowing a production capacity equivalent to 500 MWh/y. Hence, avoiding a cost of 370 kEGP (17.620 €/y), meaning a return on investment 143

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