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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

mentally disordered

mentally disordered person or a junub person or a woman to call the Azân. In such a case, the Azân will have to be reperformed by the muazzin. [It yields plenty of thawâb to perform the Mawlid, to have it performed, and to go to a place to listen to the Mawlid being performed there. However, it is harâm for a woman to let nâmahram men hear her voice by performing the Mawlid or the Azân or by singing or by talking more loudly than needed, and for (nâmahram) men to listen to her. A woman (who is to perform such acts of worship) should do so only among other women, and then she mustn’t tape or record her voice or let it be broadcast through radio or television programs.] Although it is makrûh also for a man sitting or without an ablution, or for one riding an animal (such as a horse) within an urban area, to call the Azân, an Azân performed by one of them will not have to be reperformed. The Azân is performed on a minaret or (anywhere directly) outside (of) the mosque. It is not performed inside the mosque. It is makrûh to perform it in a manner called ‘telhîn’, i.e. by chanting melodiously and prolonging the syllables so as to distort the words. The Azân is not performed in any language other than Arabic.” It is stated in the book entitled Fatâwâ-i-Hindiyya: “It is makrûh for a muazzin to shout so loud as to exhaust himself (as he performs the Azân). Ibni ’Âbidîn ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ states: “It is sunnat for the muazzin to mount an elevated place to perform the Azân so that it should be heard at distant places. It is permissible for more than one muazzins to perform the Azân together.” As is understood from these scholarly passages, it is bid’at to perform the Azân or the Iqâmat or to conduct a namâz (in jamâ’at) by using a loudspeaker. And it is gravely sinful to commit a bid’at. A hadîth-isherîf reads: “If a person commits a bid’at, none of his acts of worship will be acceptable.” Although a voice heard from a loudspeaker is quite similar to the human voice, it is not the human voice itself. It is a sound produced by pieces moved by magnetism. It is not the voice of a person standing on an elevated platform. The sin becomes doubled when they place the loud-speaker on the right or left or back side of the minaret or roof, so that the voice does not come out in the direction of Qibla. It is not necessary, on the other hand, for the voice to reach distant places or for us to stand the shrill metallic screaming of the loud-speaker. For, it is wâjib to build a mosque in every quarter. Thereby the Azân will be performed in every quarter and a quarter’s Azân will be heard from all its residences. Moreover, the Azân-i-jawq is something permissible. More than one muazzins’ calling the same azân – 120 –

together is called Azân-i-jawq. A touching human voice will be heard from afar, move hearts and souls, and freshen people’s îmân. [The muazzin performs the Azân and the imâm performs the qirâat with their natural voices loud enough only to be heard by the Muslims around the mosque and by the jamâ’at inside the mosque, respectively. It is makrûh for them to exert themselves so that their voices should be heard from afar. That also shows the frivolity of using a loud-speaker.] In short, the sound issuing from the horn called a loud-speaker is not the Azân. The Azân-i-Muhammadî is the voice coming out from the muazzin’s mouth. A hadîth-i-sherîf quoted in the book entitled Hilya-t-ul-Awliyâ and written by the great Islamic scholar named Abû Nuaym Isfahânî (Ahmad bin ’Abdullah) ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’ (336 [948 A.D.] – 430 [1039]) reads as follows: “Voice of azân that comes out of a musical instrument is the Satan’s voice. People who (use a loud-speaker to) perform it are the Satan’s muazzins.” It is stated as follows in hadîth-i-sherîfs: “As Doomsday draws near the Qur’ân al-kerîm will be read (and recited) through mizmârs. It will be read (and recited) not for the grace of Allah, but for pleasure.” “There are many people who read (and recite) the Qur’ân al-kerîm, but the Qur’ân al-kerîm condemns them.” “A time will come when muazzins will be the meanest ones of Muslims.” “A time will come when the Qur’ân al-kerîm will be read (or recited) through mizmârs. Allâhu ta’âlâ will condemn those people (who do so).” Mizmâr means all sorts of musical instruments and pipes. The loud speaker is a mizmâr, too. Muazzins should fear these hadîth-i-sherîfs and avoid performing (their acts of worship) through loud-speakers. Some religiously unlearned people claim that the loud-speaker is useful because it carries voices to distant places. Our Prophet stated: “Perform acts of worship as you see me and my Sahâba perform them! People who make changes in acts of worship are called ‘ahl-i-bid’at’ (people of bid’at, bid’at holders). Holders of bid’at shall definitely go to Hell. None of their acts of worship shall be accepted.” It is not right to say, “We are adding useful things to acts of worship.” Statements of this sort are lies fibbed by enemies of religion. Islamic scholars, alone, know whether a change will be useful. These profound scholars are called mujtahids. Mujtahids do not make a change on their own. They know whether a certain addition or change will be a bid’at. There is a consensus that it is a bid’at to call the Azân by using a ‘mizmar’. It is a person’s heart that will make them attain grace and love of Allâhu ta’âlâ. The – 121 –

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