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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

Mishkât-ul-Mesâbih (and written by Waliyy-ud-dîn Khatîb-i- Tebrîzî Muhammad bin ’Abdullah ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, d. 749 [1348 A.D.] as a commentary and complementary to the book entitled Mesâbih (and written by Imâm Beghâwî Huseyn bin Mes’ûd Muhy-is-sunna ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, d. 516 [1122 A.D.]). Eshi’at-ul-leme’at is a book in four volumes. Its ninth edition was published in 1384 [1964 A.D.] in Lucknow, India. Namâz is called ‘salât’ in the Arabic language. And the original meaning of salât is prayer, rahmat (compassion, mercy) and istighfâr (begging Allâhu ta’âlâ for forgiveness). Because namâz contains all three meanings, namâz has been called ‘salât’. 1– Abû Hurayra ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ quotes Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ as having stated: “The daily five prayers and the Friday prayer are expiations for the sins to be committed until next Friday; and fasting (for thirty days) in Ramadân is an expiation for the sins to be committed until next Ramadân. They cause forgiveness for the venial sins committed by Muslims who avoid committing grave sins.” They annihilate the venial sins that are committed in the meantime and which do not involve human rights. With Muslims whose venial sins have all been forgiven and there are no more of them left, they, (i.e. Friday prayer and fasting in Ramadân,) cause alleviation of the torment for their grave sins. Forgiveness of grave sins requires, in addition, making tawba for them, (which in turn means to repent for the sins committed, to beg Allâhu ta’âlâ, to be firmly resolved not to commit them again, and to promise Allâhu ta’âlâ not to commit them again.) If a Muslim has not committed any grave sins, then they cause his spiritual promotion. This hadîth-i-sherîf is written in the book entitled Sahîh-i-Muslim. Friday prayers cause forgiveness of Muslims whose five daily prayers are defective. If their Friday prayers also are defective, then their fasting in Ramadân causes them to be forgiven. 2– Abû Hurayra ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, again, narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Supposing there is a stream running before the door of a person’s house and he bathes five times daily in that stream. Will there be any dirt left on him?” “No, there won’t be any dirt left, o the blessed Messenger of Allah,” replied the Sahâba. Thereupon Rasûlullah said: “So is the case with the daily five prayers. Allâhu ta’âlâ forgives the venial sins of Muslims who perform namâz five times daily.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is written in Sahîh-i-Bukhârî as well as in Sahîh-i- Muslim. – 178 –

3– ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ relates: Someone kissed a woman who was nâ-mahram to him. Or, in detail, one of the Ansâr was selling dates. A woman came up to buy dates. He felt a strong bestial attraction to the woman. “I have better ones at home. Come along and let me give you better dates,” he said. When they went to his place he hugged the woman and kissed her. “What are you doing? Fear Allah,” remonstrated the woman. He repented. He came up to Rasûlullah and told him what he had done. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ did not answer him, and waited for wahy from Allâhu ta’âlâ. Thereafter that person performed a namâz. Allâhu ta’âlâ sent the hundred and fourteenth âyat of Hûd Sûra (to His blessed Messenger). The âyati-kerîma purports: “And perform namâz regularly at the two sides of the day and at the approaches of the night! For, things that are good remove those which are evil; ... .” The two sides of the day are forenoon and afternoon. So, the namâzes meant are morning prayer and early and late afternoon prayers. And namâzes at the approaches of the night are evening and night prayers. This âyat-ikerîma declares that the daily five prayers cause forgiveness of sins. The blessed person asked: “Yâ Rasûlallah (O Messenger of Allah)! Is that good news for me only?” “It is for all my Ummat (Muslims),” said the blessed Prophet. This hadîth-i-sherîf is written in both the books entitled ‘Sahîh’, (i.e. in Sahîh-i-Bukhârî and in Sahîh-i-Muslim.) [1] 4– Eness bin Mâlik ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ relates: Someone came up to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and said: “I have committed a crime that deserves punishment of hadd. [2] Have me flogged for hadd.” Rasûlullah did not ask him what sin he had committed. When it was prayer time we performed namâz together. When Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ completed the namâz, that blessed person stood up and said: “Yâ Rasûlallah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’! I have commited a sin to be punished with the penalty of hadd. Inflict on me the punishment commanded in the book of Allâhu ta’âlâ!” “Haven’t you performed namâz with us,” asked the Best of Prophets. The latter said: “Yes, I have.” “Don’t be sad. Allâhu ta’âlâ has forgiven your sin,” came the good news from the beloved one of Allâhu ta’âlâ. This hadîth-i-sherîf is in the two basic books of hadîths. That [1] Please see the sixth chapter of the second fascicle of Endless Bliss. [2] Please see the tenth chapter of the sixth fascicle of Endless Bliss. – 179 –

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