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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

in the direction of

in the direction of Qibla. Performing namâz on board a ship is as Rasûlullah taught it to Hadrat Ja’fer Tayyâr [1] as the latter was to leave for Abyssinia (Ethiopia), as follows: Even a namâz that is farz or wâjib can be performed aboard a sailing ship, and there is no need for the existence of an ’udhr for doing so. Namâz in jamâ’at can be performed aboard a ship. On a sailing ship it is not permissible to perform namâz with îmâ, (i.e. by making signs;) the Rukû’ and the Sajda must be made. As well, it is obligatory to perform it in the direction of Qibla. As you start to perform the namâz, you stand towards the Qibla. As the ship changes its direction, you must turn toward the Qibla. As well, tahârat from najâsat is obligatory on board a ship. (Please see the sixth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss for ‘tahârat from najâsat’.) In the Hanafî Madhhab, it is permissible to perform even a namâz that is farz sitting on the floor aboard a sailing ship with no need for the existence of an ’udhr for doing so. A ship at anchor out in the sea is like a sailing ship if it is rolling and pitching violently. If it is rolling slightly, it is like a ship lying moored near the shore. Namâz that is farz cannot be performed sitting on a ship lying moored near the shore. It is not sahîh to perform it standing, either, if it is possible to go ashore. It is necessary to go ashore and perform it on land. In case of risks such as losing your property or life or the ship’s sailing off, it becomes permissible to perform your namâz standing on board the ship. Here we end our citation from Ni’mat-i-islâm. It is stated in Ibni ’Âbidîn: “Performing namâz on a twowheeled horse-drawn cart that cannot stand flat on the ground without being tied to the animal, in motion or motionless alike, is like performing it on the back of an animal. A four-wheeled carriage, when motionless, is like a serîr (table, couch). When it moves, namâz that is farz can be performed in it on account of the [1] Ja’fer Tayyâr ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ was one of the four sons of Rasûlullah’s paternal uncle Abû Tâlib. He was ten years older than Hadrat ’Alî and ten years younger the Hadrat ’Uqayl. He migrated to Abyssinia and returned on the day of Hayber. In the eighth [8] year of the Hijrat (Hegira), he was making war against the Byzantines with a three thousand strong army at a place called Mu’ta in the vicinity of Damascus, when he attained martyrdom after making many attacks and receiving more than seventy wounds in one day. He was fortyone years old. He was one of the seven people most closely recembling Rasûlullah. – 142 –

same ’udhrs as the aforesaid ones concerning namâz on an animal; you stop the carriage and perform it in the direction of Qibla. If you fail to stop it, then you perform it like doing so aboard a sailing ship.” If a person who is (on a long-distance journey and who is therefore called) safarî cannot sit on the floor or turn towards the Qibla on the means of transport, he imitates one of the Shâfi’î and Mâlikî Madhhabs and makes jem’ of two successive prayers of namâz when he gets off the vehicle. [1] It is not permissible for a person who is able to sit on the ground (or floor) to sit on a chair or in an armchair and perform namâz with îmâ. Performing namâz on a bus or on an aeroplane is like performing it on a carriage. A person who sets out for a long-distance journey and who makes his niyyat (intention) to travel a distance of three days, i.e. eighteen fersâh (parasang) = 54 miles [54 x 0.48 x 4 = 104 kilometres] from the outskirts of the city or village, becomes (a person who is) safarî by the time he leaves the outskirts of the city. According to Ibni ’Âbidîn, a mile is equal to 4000 dhrâ’, and a dhrâ’ is equal to twenty-four [24] fingerwidths. [A fingerwidth is a length equal to two centimetres. In the Shâfi’î and Mâlikî Madhhabs, 16 fersah = 48 miles = 48 x 0.42 x 4000 = 80 km.] Come on, let’s perform namâz, and wipe rust off our heart, You cannot be close to Allah, unless you perform namâz! Wherever namâz is performed, all your sins are dumped, You can never reach perfection, unless you perform namâz! In Qur’ân al-kerîm Haqq praises namâz a lot, He says, “I shall never love you, unless you perform namâz!” A hadîth-i-sherîf: Îmân won’t be manifest At all on your outer person, unless you perform namâz! Not to perform namâz, of all sins, is the gravest, Penitence won’t do, unless you perform omitted namâz! He who disdains namâz will lose his îmân outright, He will not regain his Islam, unless he performs namâz! Namâz purifies the heart, and bars it from guilt, You can never be enlightened, unless you perform namâz! [1] Please see the fifteenth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss. – 143 –

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