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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

Hikmat, His Creation

Hikmat, His Creation behind the causes. This lack of understanding on their part causes them to end up in ruination. Emr-i-teklîfî: It consists of the commandments which He has enjoined on human beings concerning what they should do and what they should avoid doing. These commandments of His are dependent on man’s will and choice. He has set man free in his will and choice. However, it is Him, again, who creates the thing which man wills and opts to do. When man wills and opts to do something, He creates it if He, too, wills it. He does not create it if He does not will to create it. He, alone, creates all things and supplies substances with effectivity and various properties. There is no other creator besides Him. To believe that anyone besides Him has the attribute of ulûhiyyat (deity) means to attribute a partner to Him. He has declared that He shall never forgive in the world to come anyone who attributes a partner to Him (in this world) and that He shall inflict unending and bitterest torment on people who do so. When people opt to carry out His commandment and do good things, He, too, being merciful, wills and creates their obedience and good deeds. When people who deny and disobey Him want to do evils, He, too, wills and creates their evil deeds. When people who believe Him and beg Him want to do something evil, He, being compassionate, does not will that evil deed and does not create it. So, because all the (evil) wishes of His enemies come true, they fall into all the more vicious deeds and become all the more rampant. Allâhu ta’âlâ’s emr-i-teklîfîs have been graded in respect of their importance: 1– He has commanded the entire humanity to have îmân and to become Muslims. 2– He has commanded those who have had îmân not to commit harâms and not to do evil. 3– He has commanded those who have had îmân to perform the farzes. 4– He has commanded Muslims who avoid the harâms and perform the farzes and to avoid the makrûhs and to perform the sunnats and the acts of nâfila worship. In the gradations above, it is not something acceptable to pass over a more important commandment and to do the one next after it in importance; it is not liked. It will not be useful. If a person avoids evils without having îmân or performs the farzes without avoiding evils and harâms or performs the sunnats and the nâfilas – 242 –

without performing the farzes, Allâhu ta’âlâ will not like him or accept what he has done. For the same matter, if a Muslim does not perform namâz or pay zakât or pay the rights of his parents or wife or children, Allâhu ta’âlâ will not like or accept his pious deeds such as alms and/or charities and/or donations and/or mosque-buildings and/or monetary supports and/or washing the hands before and after meals and/or performing ’Umra. As is seen, everyone should perform the ewâmir-i-teklîfiyya in the order of importance stated above. On the other hand, supposing a person performs something of lesser importance without performing the deeds in the upper class and if his doing so causes him, say, to omit an act that is farz or to commit a harâm; he will not earn any thawâb, that is true, but then he should not let himself do without that good deed, either. It is written in the book of Tafsîr entitled Rûh-ul-beyân, in the final part of its sixth chapter, that with the barakat of continuously performing that good deed, it is hoped, Allâhu ta’âlâ may mercifully bless him with performing the commandments in an upper class.] There are four farzes in eating: 1– When eating and drinking, to know that satisfaction and satiation is granted by Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân. 2– To eat food that is halâl. 3– To spend the entire energy that you racquire from that food doing your duties as a slave of Allâhu ta’âlâ. 4– To be contented with what you have obtained. When starting to eat you should make your niyyat to acquire energy to worship Allâhu ta’âlâ, to do things useful to the slaves of Allâhu ta’âlâ, and to make the religion of Allâhu ta’âlâ, the way to everlasting happiness and peace, reach all people. It is permissible to eat bareheaded. Mustahabs in eating: To set a (wooden) tray on the floor (in lieu of a dining table); to wear clean clothes as you sit for the meal; to sit on your knees; to have washed your hands and mouth before the meal; to make the Basmala, (i.e. to say, “Bismillah-er-Rahmân-er- Rahîm,”) when starting to eat; to taste a little salt before starting to eat; to eat bread made of barley flour; to break the bread manually; not to wast the crumbs of bread; to eat from the side (of the dish) nearest to you; to consume (a little) vinegar; to eat the bread in small morsels; to chew the food well; to eat with your three fingers; to wipe inside the dish with your finger; to lick your fingers three times; to make hamd after the meal; to use a toothpick. – 243 –

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