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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

juice, grape juice,

juice, grape juice, flower juice, and the like. This kind of water also possesses the property to make dirty things clean, although it is not practicable for an ablution or ghusl. 3– Leftover water from a donkey’s drink or from the drink of a mule whose mother is a donkey is called mâ-i-meshkuk. Both an ablution and a ghusl is permissible to make with this water. One has the choice to make either one before the other. 4– Whether water becomes mâ-i-musta’mal when it falls down onto the floor or when it leaves the body,, (i.e. the limb being washed,) is a question at issue (among Islamic scholars). Essentially, it becomes so when it leaves the body, (i.e. the fatwâ is agreeable with this ijtihâd.) Based on this, there are three different qawls, (i.e. statements wherein mujtahids express their ijtihâds.) [1] According to Imâm A’zam (Abû Hanîfa) ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’, it is najâsat-i-ghalîza (qaba najâsat). [2] According to Imâm Abû Yûsuf ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’, it is najâsat-i-khafîfa. And according to Imâm Muhammad ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’, it is clean. This last qawl is the established one (according to the conclusive fatwâ). There are nine conditions to be fulfilled for the wujûb of ablution, (i.e. so that ablution should be incumbent:) 1– To be a Muslim. 2– To have reached the age of puberty. 3– To be discreet. 4– To be without an ablution. 5– For the water (to be used) for ablution to be clean. 6– Ability to make an ablution. 7– (For a woman) not to be menstruating. 8– (For a woman) not to be in a puerperal period. 9– For each and every one of the daily (five) prayers of namâz, the time of namâz to have come. [This ninth condition applies to a [1] The word ‘ijtihâd’ is defined at various places throughout the six fascicles of Endless Bliss, e.g. in the twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, twenty-seventh chapters of the first fascicle and in the tenth and twenty-ninth chapters of the third fascicle. [2] Najâsat, along with its kinds, is explained in the sixth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss. – 94 –

person with an ’udhr, (which is explained in the last six paragraphs of the third chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss.) SUNNATS OF AN ABLUTION: Twenty-five of them have been stated. 1– To say, “A’ûdhu... .” (Its complete form is: “A’ûdhu bllâhimin-esh-shaytân-ir-rajîm.” 2– To say the Basmala. (That is, to say, “Bismillâh-ir-Rahmânir-Rahîm.”) 3– To wash the hands. 4– To make khilâl between the fingers, (i.e. to wash between them by using the fingers of one of your hands like the teeth of a comb between the fingers of your other hand.) 5– To apply water into your mouth. 6– To apply water into your nose. 7– To make a niyyat (intention). In the Hanafî Madhhab, it is sunnat, not farz, to make a niyyat when washing the mouth. It is farz in the Shâfi’î Madhhab. In the Mâlikî Madhhab, it is farz to make a niyyat when washing the hands. 8– To face in the direction of Qibla. 9– To make khilâl of your beard (by using your fingers like a comb) [if it is thick]. 10– To make masah on your beard. 11– To begin with your right hand side. 12– To make khilâl between the toes with the small finger of the left hand, beginning from under the small toe of the right foot. 13– To make masah on the head–by covering the (entire) head. 14– To make masah of the ears and the back of the head, using the water remaining from the head. 15– To observe tertîb, (i.e. to wash the limbs of ablution in prescribed order.) 16– Not to pause in beween, i.e. to wash the limbs of ablution one directly after another. 17– When making masah on the head, to begin with the front part. 18– To use a miswâk. 19– To make water reach the sides of the eyes and the eyebrows. – 95 –

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