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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

The kefen-i-sunnat

The kefen-i-sunnat for men consists of three parts, and the one for women consists of five parts. The kefen-i-kifâya for men consists of two parts and the kefeni-kifâya for women consists of three parts. It is stated in Bahr-ur-râiq: The kefen-i-kifâya for women is the izâr, the lifâfa, and the himâr, i.e. headgear. For, women cover themselves with these three pieces of clothing (at the minimum) when they are alive.” Izâr, in those old days, was a wrapper covering the entire body from shoulders or from top to feet. That lifâfa is a qamîs (chemise) is written n Ibni ’Âbidîn. As is seen, formerly women wore an ample overcoat and a headgear when they went out. It is written in Bahr-ur-râiq and in Dur-ul-muntaqâ: “The nafaqa which is wâjib for the husband to provide for the wife consists of food, clothing, and dwelling. Clothing consists of himâr (headgear) and milhâfa, which means outer wrapper. [It is called ‘ferâja’ or ‘manto’ or ‘saya’ today. As is seen, the woman’s clothing consists of three pieces, and the charshaf is not one of these pieces. The charshaf came into fashion afterwards. It is permissible for women to wear the charshaf at places where it is customary to wear the charshaf and to wear an ample overcoat (manto) and a thick headgear at places where it is customary to wear them. To hold oneself aloof from others in common and customary usages will cause fitna, which in turn is harâm.] The kefen [1] -i-farz consists of a single piece both for men and for women. At places no material with the exception of silk is available, one piece for men and two pieces for women will do. Priority in conducting the namâz of janâza as the imâm is as follows: President, if he is a Muslim; judge of the town; the khatîb authorized for Friday prayer; and imâm-i-hay. (Please scan the twentieth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss for minute details.) The person called the imâm-i-hay is a learned Muslim about whom the deceased Muslim (for whom the namâz of janâza is to be performed) used to have a good opinion when he was alive. Next to come in priority is deceased’s walî. If the walî is absent and the namâz is conducted by a Muslim who is not one of the aforesaid people, the walî will have an option. He may or may not have the namâz reperformed. [Details are available from the [1] The lexical meaning of kefen (or kafan) is ‘shroud’. – 254 –

fourth and fifth fascicles of Endless Bliss. Supposing a person was cut in half (vertically) and one half of the corpse has been found, namâz of janâza need not be performed for that found half. Supposing they found a corpse torn in pieces and the pieces are here and there; again namâz of janâza for the owner of the pieces need not be performed. However, the namâz should be performed if the pieces have been brought together. If a corpse has been washed and yet they say that one of the limbs is dry; that limb must be washed if the corpse has not been shrouded yet. On the other hand, supposing they say, after the janâza has been brought near the grave, that one of the limbs of ablution of the corpse has been left dry; they wash that limb and thereafter perform the namâz of janâza. If they say so after the corpse has been interred; in that case the corpse must not be exhumed. If (it is found out after interment that) the corpse was not washed; then the corpse must be taken out and washed, if the burial has not been done yet. Supposing you made the corpse make a tayammum and thereafter find water as you are carrying the corpse (in the coffin); you have an option. Supposing a number of people are dead at the same time in a town; it is permissible to perform a single namâz for all of them. It goes without saying that it should be done in agreement with the Islamic rules. It is better, however, to perform a namâz for each and every one of them separately. Niyyat for a namâz of janâza must be made like this: “(I make my niyyat) to perform namâz for the grace of Allâhu ta’âlâ, to pronounce benedictions over the male [or female] Muslim, and to follow the imâm who is present and (who is) to conduct the namâz.” Supposing a person is arrested as he is robbing the travellers and killed upon the judge’s or the walî’s decision or a rebel is killed as he is fighting against the state or a person (is killed because he) has killed his own parents; namâz of janâza is not performed for the (killed) culprit in any of these three instances. Namâz of janâza is performed for a suicide, i.e. for a person who killed himself (Durr-ul-mukhtâr). Sunnî Muslims have ten characteristics: 1– The Sunnî Muslim will be a regular mosque-goer to join the – 255 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 2

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sal

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    BOOKLET for WAY TO PARADISE Al-hamd

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    made about his compatriot are among

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    unending torment. If a kâfir has

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    e believed, regardless of whether h

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    kept in prison until she becomes a

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    of Kemâl such as His creating eart

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    would be incapable and imperfect if

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    and four Books named in the Qur’

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    WA-L-YAWM-IL-ÂKHIRI: Also, I belie

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    kerîm purports: “A person who in

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    5- To cease from gratitude for havi

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    and/or not to show due respect upon

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    Îmân-i-maqbûl is the îmân of B

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    means to believe and confirm the si

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    There are three kinds of dhikr made

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    guide of both our Madhhab in i’ti

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    hundred and seventeenth sinful act:

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    oys to dance or play games with the

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    thousand Muslims. The unbelievers b

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    eliminate all its benefits. The fou

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    According to some Islamic scholars,

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    page of the fourth edition of his b

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    enewed. Please see the chapter deal

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    ecome a kâfir. As a matter of fact

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    and another person says, “Then we

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    entire group of people, be there fi

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    “Bismillâh-ir-Rahmân-ir-Rahîm,

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    two kinds of makrûh: Karâhat-i-ta

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    asked: ‘You observe all kinds of

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    and to make a tayammum in want of w

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    of rukû’: To make the rukû’ t

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    ghusl made will not be sahîh if th

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    draw a comparison of crownings and

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    e done when imitating the Mâlikî

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    wire. He did not say that it would

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    Ghusls that are wâjib: It is wâji

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    ghusl and to perform namâz and to

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    in 981 [1573], Birgi, Aydın, Turke

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    women are menstrual (haid). Accordi

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    then her ’âdat has changed, and

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    5- In a succession of five days of

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    following its cessation, that the b

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    Husraw ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âl

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    the second period of purity were fo

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    4- To wash one’s fect, including

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    person with an ’udhr, (which is e

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    after using) a miswâk yield more t

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    canal to become wet and fall. [If t

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    inûrika yawma tebyaddu wujûhu awl

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    There are five obligatory essential

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    miss the Friday prayer. [For, there

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    than half of a person’s limbs of

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    There are four kinds of istinjâ: T

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    Subhânaka) it is sunnat to say,

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    is makrûh tahrîmî for women to r

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    Mahsher, eighty of the lines made u

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    only the first one you hear and, if

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    al-kerîm (on the radio, etc.) or t

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    together is called Azân-i-jawq. A

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    jamâ’at) and for a Muslim who is

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    “Rabbanâ laka-l-hamd,” after s

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    8- If you are with the jamâ’at,

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    salâmat (salvation, safety)! Pleas

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    your hands from the floor (or praye

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    can hear them. 13- To say, “Lâ h

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    dâira set (for the date) is moved

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    ‘kerrem-Allâhu wajhahu wa radiy-

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    exactly as he did when he was behin

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    NAMÂZ DURING LONG-DISTANCE JOURNEY

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    same ’udhrs as the aforesaid ones

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    stated: “O my Ummat and Sahâba!

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    1- The Dâr-i-jelâl is of white n

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    PRAYERS NOT PERFORMED WITHIN THEIR

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    [Muhammad Amîn Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    hullâhu ta’âlâ’ ferreted out

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    ecome six. The tertîb, (i.e. the f

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    thing. For, omitted namâzes must b

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    to the same poor person or to anoth

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    unanimously made by Islamic savants

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    amount from their wages. If the im

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    the minaret, (which in turn is outs

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    something which is wâjib or sunnat

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    ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ st

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    egins to perform his namâzes again

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    first qawl. The invalid’s ablutio

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    perform namâz with signs if it is

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    you need to make a ghusl.) 3- To de

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    3- ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘ra

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    someone about to die and thereby to

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    ’Umar, ’Alî, ’Uthmân, and

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    after the farz part of night prayer

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    of worship. [Please review the chap

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    TO PAY ZAKÂT The proof-texts for t

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    their money at harâm places or who

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    their weight must be taken as the b

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    permissible to pay the poor clothes

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    twenty mithqal of gold when it is c

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    By the same token, paper bills cann

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    niyyat (intention) of zakât will s

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  • Page 219 and 220: 19- To make a false statement under
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  • Page 241 and 242: 6- In return for each and every mor
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  • Page 245 and 246: CONCERNING MARRIAGE There are many
  • Page 247 and 248: stated: “If a woman comes to our
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  • Page 253: invalid, the woman’s mahram relat
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  • Page 261 and 262: (Allâhu ta’âlâ), people with s
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  • Page 267 and 268: CONCERNING THE DEATHS of the WRONGE
  • Page 269 and 270: CONCERNING the DISBELIEVER’S DEAT
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  • Page 277 and 278: THIRD VOLUME, NINTH LETTER The nint
  • Page 279 and 280: So much dhikr should he make that n
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  • Page 283 and 284: FINAL REMARKS FROM BOOKLET FOR WAY
  • Page 285 and 286: from the snares set by those insidi
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