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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

20– Delk, i.e.

20– Delk, i.e. to rub the limbs being washed, gently with the hands. 21– To make one’s ablution standing on a somewhat raised platform. 22– To wash the limbs of ablution three times each. 23– To refill the ewer with which you have made an ablution. 24– Not to talk on worldly matters when making an ablution. 25– To maintain your niyyat. USING A MISWÂK There are fifteen benefits in using a miswâk. These benefits, borrowed from the book entitled Sirâj-ul-wahhâj (a three–volumed commentary rendered by Abû Bakr bin ’Alî Haddâd Yemenî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, d. 800 [1397 A.D.], to the book entitled Mukhasar-i-Qudûrî, which in turn had been written by Abul Hueyn Ahmad bin Muhammad Baghdâdî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, 362 [973 A.D.] – 428 [1037], Baghdâd), are as follows: 1– It causes you to say the Kalima-i-shehâdat when dying. 2– It hardens the gums. 3– It helps to loosen the phlegm in your chest. (It is a perfect expectorant.) 4– It stops an excessive secretion of bile. 5– It diminishes oral aches. 6– It eliminates bad breath. 7– Allâhu ta’âlâ is pleased with a person who uses a miswâk. 8– It strengthes the cranial veins. 9– The devil becomes sad (when you use a miswâk). 10– Your eyes become bright with nûr (when you use a miswâk). 11– There is an icrease in your pious deeds (khayr and hasanât). 12– You have practised an act of sunnat (by using a miswâk). 13– Your mouth becomes cleans. 14– Your speech becomes eloquent. 15– Two rak’ats of namâz performed with (an ablution made – 96 –

after using) a miswâk yield more thawâb than seventy rak’ats of namâz without (having used) a miswâk. MUSTAHABS OF AN ABLUTION There are six of them, as follows: 1– Not to utter with your tongue the niyyat which you make with your heart. 2– To make masah on the back of your neck with the water remaining from your ears. 3– Not to wash your feet in the direction of Qibla. 4– To drink, if possible, the water remaining from the ablution, standing in the direction of Qibla. 5– To sprinkle some water on your clothes after the ablution. 6– To dry your limbs washed by means of a clean towel. Ibni ’Âbidîn states as follows in his treatment of nullifiers of an ablution: “If something which is not makrûh in your own Madhhab is farz in another Madhhab, (in one of the other three Madhhabs, that is,) it is mustahab for you to do it.” Imâm Rabbânî states in his two hundred and eighty-sixth (286) letter: “Because it is farz in the Mâlikî Madhhab to rub the limbs being washed during an ablution gently with the hand, we, (in the Hanafî Madhhab as we are,) should certainly do the rubbing.” Ibni ’Âbidîn states as follows as he explains the talâq-i-rij’î: [1] “It is commendable for a Muslim in the Hanafî Madhhab to imitate the Mâlikî Madhhab. For, Imâm Mâlik, (leader of the Mâlikî Madhhab,) is like a disciple of Imâm A’zam Abû Hanîfa, (leader of the Hanafî Madhhab.) When the scholars in the Hanafî Madhhab were unable to find a qawl in the Hanafî Madhhab (for the solution of a certain matter), they gave their conclusive fatwâ in accordance with the Mâlikî Madhhab. Of all the (other three) Madhhabs, the Mâlikî Madhhab is the closest to the Hanafî Madhhab.” MAKRÛHS OF AN ABLUTION There are eighteen of them, as follows: 1– To splash–water–hard on your face. [1] A kind of divorce, which is dealt with in the fifteenth chapter of the sixth fascicle of Endless Bliss. – 97 –

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