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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

A person who says, “I

A person who says, “I am a Muslim,” has to learn the essentials of îmân and Islam and the farzes and harâms unanimously taught by all four Madhabs, i.e. taught by ijmâ’ (consensus) and esteem them highly. It is not an ’udhr not to know them. That is, it is like knowing them and denying them. “The entire body of a woman, with the exception of her face and hands, is awrat, (that is, it must be covered,) in all four Madhhabs.” If a Muslim indifferently exposes a part of his or her body on which there has not been an ijmâ’, i.e. which is not awrat according to only one of the other three Madhhabs, he or she will have committed a grave sin according to his or her own madhhab, although they will not become a kâfir (unbeliever). An example of this is men’s exposing parts between their knees and groins. It is farz for a Muslim to learn what he or she does not know. Once they have learned about it they have to make tawba immediately and cover that limb of theirs. A BELIEVER’S QUALIFICATIONS There are seven rights that a Believer has to observe with reference to another Believer: To participate in his invitations; Iyâdat, [i.e. to visit him when he is ill.] To go and take part at his funeral. To offer him advice. To greet him (as is taught in the sixty-second chapter of the third fascicle of Endless Bliss). To rescue him from a tyrant’s oppression. To say, “Ye-r-hamukallah,” when he sneezes and thereupon says, “Al-hamd-u-lillah.” The good Believer is the one who has developed the following six faculties: He performs worship. He learns knowledge. He does not do evil. He avoids harâms. He does not cast covetous eyes at anyone’s property. He never forgets death. A note: It is stated in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Everyone will like people who do them favours. This liking is inherent in the human nature.” A person who is indulgent towards the desires of his nafs like people who help him to attain the desires of his nafs. A wise – 232 –

and knowledgeable person, on the other hand, will like people who help him to become a cultivated person. In short, good people will like good people. Evil people will like evil people. How a certain person is will be judged by observing the people he likes and prefers to make friends with. We should treat everyone with a similing face and with sweet words, friend and foe alike, and Muslim and non-Muslim alike, with the exception of people of bid’at. The most useful favour to be granted to people and the most valuable present to be given to them is to talk plesantly with them and to smile at them. When we see people worshipping an ox, we should feed straw to the mouth of the ox, thereby forestalling their enmity towards us. We should not dispute with anyone. Disputes will impair friendships and exacerbate enmities. We should not be angry with anyone. Anger will cause neuralgia and heart diseases. A hadîth-i-sherîf dissuades: “Do not become wrathful!” (In this hadîth-i-sherîf the blessed Prophet advises us to avoid anger.) A person will be a good (and useful) one if he conceals four things: 1– His poverty; 2– His alms; 3– His afflictions; 4– His troubles. Paradise pines after four people: 1– A person whose tongue makes dhikr. 2– A person who is a hâfid-i-kalâmullah. 3– A person who feeds people. 4– A person who fasts in the blessed month of Ramadân. Every person should never cease from the seven utterances written below: They should say the Basmala-i-sherîfa whenever they are to start doing something (good, useful, or permissible). (To say or make the Basmala means to say, “Bismillâh-ir-Rahmân ir- Rahîm.”) They should say, “Al-hamd-u-lillah,” whenever they are through with something (good or useful or permissible). They should add the utterance, “Inshâ-Allah,” whenever they say, for instance, “I will go to (a certain place).” – 233 –

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