48 inscription, which is from PudukkVai. The latter may, therefore, be either Javarma Vira Pya I or II. Lastly, there are two inscriptions from Tiruppul1i, inthe Bamnad. district, mentioning the jryacakravartins One ofthem is dated inthe thirty-eighth regnal year of Z"avarma, Kulakhara I, which is either 1305 or 1306 It registers a grant by var 4riyacakkaravarttik4. He is identifiable with var £riyaccakkaravarttik4 ofthe second inscription mentioned above, which is also from the same district and belongs to the same reign. The other inscription from Tiruppulli, which is badly damaged, gives the names of two personages, Teyvaccilaiy Aaka, alias Ariyaccakaravartti and Irma alias Va. • kkai *riyacc akkaravart ti, the amm of Parkkirama Piya (Parkrama P4ya) Unfortunately the date ofthe record is not known. But the fact that one ofthe persons mentioned here is called. an ainn (uncle or father-in-law) of Parkrama P4ya may help us inthe dating. We know of at least five Paräkrama Pyas who ruled inthe southern territories of Panmad and udukkfai inthe fourteenth century, after the fall ofthe second empire The first ofthem, Jatvarma Parkrama 1. N. .R. for 190k, No. 110 of 1903; S.I.I., VIII, Nos. 396 & 398. 2. .1.1., VIII, no. 39G. 3. Ibid., No. 398. 4. LA.NilskRnta Sastri, The Pyan Kingdom, pp. 215 - 246.
481 Pya I, began his rule in 115 andthe last ofthem ruled till at least 1k15 There are certain considerations which lead us to think that this inscription belongs to the earty part ofthe fourteenth century. This record is from TiruppuUi, inthe Rannad district. The other inscription from the same site mentioning an Aryacakravartin is dated 1305/06. Further, all the other inscriptions from the Pimnad district referring to the Aryacakravartins are datable to either the latter part ofthe thirteenth century or the early part ofthe fourteenth century.There was no Pya ruler called Parkrama inthe thirteenth century. It is 1 therefore, likely that our inscription belongs to the time of Javarma Parkrama_P4ya I, who lived inthe early part ofthe fourteenth century. Irm alias Va..kkai Ariyacc&ckravartti was probably the anim of this Pya ruler. The evidence ofthese six inscriptions is practically all th*t we learn about the iryacakravartins from the IncIia.n side. That the 4ryacakravartins were niiior chieftains is clear frog theinformation we get from the rrafgam inscription 1. K.A.Nilakanta Sastri, The Pyan Kingdom, p. 2k5. The five P74 rulers are: a) Javarma Parkrama Pya, 1315-13k?; b) avarzna Parkrama Pya, 1335-1352; c) Javarma Parkrama Pya, 1357- c.1380; 4) Parkrama P1ya, 1367- till after 1387; and e)Paiikrama Pçtya, c.].38k- till after 1k15.