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POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY TN

Table 4.6 indicates

Table 4.6 indicates relative positions of districts where demographic disabilities, specially related to women are higher. In terms of percentage of birth below the age of 20, Dharmapuri, Salem and Theni show the highest incidence and therefore the lowest index value. Data for all the districts are given in Appendix Table 4.4. In regard to under 5 mortality rate, eleven districts in Tamil Nadu have a rate higher than 90. In districts like Dharmapuri and Salem, the percentage of women giving birth to a child below the age of 20 is close to 10 percent. Table 4.6: Demography Related Gender Disabilities Percent of Birth Below Percent of Under 5 Mortality Districts Age 20 Districts Percent Births Index Value Under 5 Index Value below 20 Mortality Dharmapuri 12.1 0.42790 Theni 105 0.71936 Salem 10.4 0.51266 Virudhunagar 101 0.73757 Theni 9.9 0.53606 Thoothukudi 99 0.74668 Perambalur 8.1 0.63095 Madurai 98 0.75124 Vellore 7.7 0.65105 Dindigul 95 0.7649 Villupuram 7.1 0.67799 Villupuram 94 0.76944 Cuddallore 6.5 0.71325 Coimbatore 93 0.77401 Ariyalur 6.2 0.72355 Namakkal 93 0.77401 Dindigul 6.1 0.73145 Thiruvannamalai 91 0.78311 Thiruvallur 5.9 0.73901 Vellore 91 0.78311 Source: Ranking and mapping of districts, International Institute of Population Sciences (2006), Bombay. Note: Districts are based on 2001 Census. For all districts in Tamil Nadu, see Appendix Table 4.4. 4.4 Health Services The primary health care and preventive health services in Tamil Nadu are delivered through 1417 primary health centres and 8683 health sub centres that are attached to the primary centres. At the secondary level, out patient and in-patient services are provided through district head quarters/ hospitals, 155 taluk hospitals, 80 non-taluk hospitals, and 11 government dispensaries apart from some mobile medical units and some specialised hospitals. a. Health Facilities: Inter-district Profile Table 4.7 relates to the position of health facilities for women in districts as percent of women receiving 3 or more Anti Natal Care (ANC) visits during pregnancy. Districts are arranged in descending order. Women receiving at least two Tetanus Toxide (TT) vaccine are also given alongwith the corresponding index value. The extent of coverage of full immunization indicates that the coverage has been in the range of 82.5 to 98.8 percent. The corresponding figures for all the 30 districts of Tamil Nadu are given as Appendix Table 4.5. 80

Districts Table 4.7: Health Facilities for Women in Tamil Nadu Districts Women Receiving 3 or More ANC Visits During Pregnancy % ANCs 3+ Index Value Atleast 2 TT Injections Women Receiving Atleast 2 TT Injections Index Value Complete Immunisation Coverage % Full Immunisation Index Value Dharmapuri 95.8 0.95515 75.2 0.73136 97.0 0.98146 Ramanathapuram 97.2 0.97086 70.8 0.68203 88.6 0.89660 Ariyalur 93.3 0.92904 84.2 0.83101 97.2 0.98346 Villupuram 89.6 0.89046 89.2 0.88719 87.0 0.88094 Thiruvannamalai 95.2 0.95566 61.8 0.58137 98.8 1.00000 Perambalur 91.4 0.90879 95.1 0.95349 93.6 0.93739 Pudukkottai 98.3 0.98182 58.9 0.54871 96.5 0.97709 Salem 96.9 0.96701 96.8 0.97182 88.1 0.89158 Vellore 96.5 0.96278 77.8 0.75952 92.4 0.93507 Cuddallore 95.4 0.95092 92.9 0.92839 87.1 0.88184 Source: Ranking and mapping of districts, International Institute of Population Sciences (2006), Bombay. Note: Districts are based on 2001 Census. For all districts in Tamil Nadu, see Appendix Table 4.5. Table 4.8 highlights some of the health related issues for women in Tamil Nadu districts. Districts are arranged according to the composite index value. The lowest is Dharmapuri, Ramanathapuram, Ariyalur, Villupuram, Thiruvannamalai, Perambalur, Puddukkottai, Salem, Vellore and Cuddallore. Data for all districts are given in Appendix Table 4.6. Table 4.8: Health Indicators Relating to Women in Tamil Nadu Districts Immunisation Drop Out Contraceptive Composite Districts Prevalence Rate Index % Immunisation Index Value CPR Index Index Value Drop out Value Dharmapuri 2.4 0.98689 53.0 0.56081 0.67378 Ramanathapuram 11.4 0.89169 49.4 0.51884 0.68112 Ariyalur 2.1 0.99022 47.3 0.49439 0.69529 Villupuram 10.9 0.89696 55.1 0.58479 0.69655 Thiruvannamalai 1.2 1.00000 58.1 0.62018 0.70323 Perambalur 6.5 0.94371 48.1 0.50340 0.70619 Pudukkottai 3.5 0.97600 53.4 0.56506 0.70919 Salem 11.9 0.88643 54.6 0.57872 0.72383 Vellore 7.6 0.93199 55.7 0.59182 0.72538 Cuddallore 12.9 0.87623 56.3 0.59882 0.73888 Source: Ranking and mapping of districts, International Institute of Population Sciences (2006), Bombay. Note: Districts are based on 2001 Census. For all districts in Tamil Nadu, see Appendix Table 4.6. 81

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PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau