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internet facilities to

internet facilities to the various offices through ELCOT. An outlay of Rs.1.50 crore is proposed for implementation of this scheme during the Eleventh Plan period 6.9 Summary Last mile reach strategies are aimed at catering to those poor who are unable to take full advantage of the general growth processes and fiscal interventions. In order to ensure that they reach minimum acceptable levels of the MDGs, there is a need specialised programmes, identifying the targeted sections of population, allocate suitable funds, and administer the programmes. While a large array of central and centrally sponsored schemes serves to provide the last mile reach, there are issues about inefficient fund allocation, overlapping and multiplicity of schemes, by-passing of states, and implementation inefficiencies. The central initiatives also need to be complemented by state schemes that cater to their specific needs. In the case of Tamil Nadu, three thrust areas are important: (a) secondary and higher education, (b) tackling urban poverty, and (c) provision of safe drinking water. In this Chapter, it is suggested that geographic targeting, leading to identification of districts, blocks/urban agglomerations, villages/zones/slums, and finally households/individuals would be the most effective strategy of targeting. Allocation of funds to take into account the share of targeted beneficiary population in the concerned unit and the extent of relative deficiency. Allocations have to be with reference to specific goals relating to income deficiency, health, education and gender, rather than on the basis of aggregate and weighted indices. For improving implementation and allocation efficiency, extensive use of information and communication technologies are to be made. 158

Chapter 7 SUMMARY AND FORMULATION OF POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGIES This chapter has three parts. The first part provides a summary of the findings of the earlier chapters. In the light of these findings, the second part highlights the main challenges and considerations in designing the overall MDGs-based poverty reduction strategy for Tamil Nadu. The third part, details the poverty reduction strategy (PRS) for Tamil Nadu both for the state and the district level. The PRS is in three parts: state level PRS for rural areas (SPRS-R), district level PRS (DPRS-R) for rural areas, and poverty reduction strategy for urban areas (UPRS). 7.1 Summary of Findings a. Trends in Poverty Reduction Trends in poverty reduction in Tamil Nadu over time and in comparison to other states are summarised as follows: 1. Reduction in rural poverty in Tamil Nadu accelerated after 1983. During the period from 1983 to 2004-05, rural poverty head count ratio in Tamil Nadu fell by nearly 30 percentage points whereas the corresponding reduction in the all-India rural head count ratio was only 17 percentage points. 2. Reduction in urban poverty in Tamil Nadu picked up sharply after 1993-94 but the fall in the head count ratio during 1993-94 to 2004-05 was much less in Tamil Nadu compared to the corresponding reduction in the all-India poverty urban head count ratio. 3. Tamil Nadu has done comparatively better than most other states in reducing the combined poverty. The overall head count ratio at 22.5 in 2004-05 is nearly 5 percentage points below the all-India figure at 27.5. At the same time, in 2004- 05 several states in India including two southern states viz., Andhra Pradesh and Kerala had a considerably lower overall poverty head count ratio. 4. The absolute number of urban poor in Tamil Nadu is more in 2004-05 as compared to 1973-74. There is a discernable trend toward urbanisation of poverty, measured by the percentage urban poor to total poor, which has increased over time. In 1973-74 nearly 30 percent of total poor in Tami Nadu were urban poor. In 2004-05, nearly 47.5 percent of total poor are urban poor in Tamil Nadu. 5. Despite the progress achieved in reducing income poverty, hunger poverty/calorie deficiency remains a major problem in Tamil Nadu. 159

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau