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Income Generating

Income Generating Activities a. For the urban poor, small and micro enterprises can be an important source of income generation. Providing advice and infrastructure can increase the productivity of micro enterprises and their ability to operate in accordance with the safety and hygiene regulations. b. Providing access to credit to the slum dwellers including micro finance and through self help groups. c. Provision of vocational training facilities. d. Providing improved access to raw materials and marketing support. e. Development of urban agriculture, which can not only be an income-generating activity but will have a positive impact on the urban environment by creating green spaces and reusing waste water and compost from solid waster. f. Women amongst relocated families may be organized into Self Help Groups; and special drives of socio-economic activities such as SSA, SJSRY, etc. may be taken. g. Home-based production (or cottage industry) is also an important income-generating activity among the poor. h. City authorities can provide infrastructure services (electricity, telecommunications, water, and sanitation) which would increase the efficiency and productivity of homebased activities; i. Providing information and advisory services in relation to markets for the products. Information and Coordination i. Institutionalized sharing of information on issues relevant to the urban poor between urban poor communities, different levels of government, non-governmental organizations and the private sector. ii. Regular updating of database on the slums and socio-economic profile of the slum population through surveys to ensure effectiveness of the upgrading schemes. Creation of Assets a. Housing finance: low-income households do not have access to housing credits as commercial financial institutions usually have little interest in lending to low-income households; state government may need to develop a scheme of for subsidized housing finance. b. Most of the urban poor do not have tenure security because their dwellings are built on public land, private property not belonging to the owner; or built on shared title 184

land. There is need to develop a scheme that will facilitate granting of tenure to residents on tenable sites owned or acquired by government. c. Government may acquire land as ownership of most of slums on private lands is either unclear or embroiled in court cases. Basic Services to Urban Poor i. A major constraint that the urban poor face in seeking to improve their livelihoods is their limited access to basic municipal services: water supply, sanitation, drainage, garbage collection, access roads and pathways, street lighting and flood protection. The city government has to ensure that services like water supply, sanitation and electricity are provided on individual household basis; this will also facilitate collection of user charges. ii. Service provision in slums should be integrated with other city level schemes to achieve economy and scale. iii. Health insurance should be widened to cover curative health care. iv. Education through non-formal and community management mode should be promoted. Considering that migration to urban areas is going to continue, anticipatory steps in terms of planned building up of satellite townships at the periphery of cities that are well connected to the city centre will help in curbing the creation of new slums. 185

World Comparative Economic And Social Data
Nammakal - Tamil Nadu Police
Police Stations - Tamil Nadu Police
N u m b e r o f S c h o o l s - DISE
Census 2011 population of Latur district
PDF: 1.0MB - Population Reference Bureau